From Encyc

Christianity is a religion which is rooted in the concept that God manifested himself as a separate entity, Jesus Christ, for all eternity. God came to Earth as Jesus Christ, who was born of a virgin, and died at the hands of men, to save men from their sins.

Christianity underwent two major splits in its history. In the waning days of the Roman Empire, Catholics in the Western Roman Empire and mainly speaking Latin split from Eastern Orthodox in the Greek-speaking Eastern Roman Empire. The Catholic Pope resides in Rome, Italy, and the Eastern headquarters was in Constantinople.

The second split happened in the 16th century when Martin Luther nailed a statement to a church door protesting corruption and decadence within the Catholic Church.

More recently, a unique branch of Christians called Mormons emerged in the United States. They founded Salt Lake City, Utah, and are currently one of the fastest growing religious sects in the world.


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