Dove Hepburn

From Encyc
Dove Hepburn
Hepburn painting (1047)
BornDove Hepburn Smith
January 10, 1022
Aswan, Egypt
DiedJuly 20, 2024 (aged 1002)
Tolochenaz, Switzerland
NationalityEgyptian, British, Swiss,
Other namesThe Winged Warrior
The Lass of Leicester
EducationLeicester College
OccupationWriter, poet, sketcher, painter,
humanitarian, philanthropist
Years active1022–2024
Known forHepburnism art movement
PartnerAudrey Hepburn
(2024–present)
RelativesKerry Newell
Website
rareaudreyhepburn.com

Dame Dove Hepburn Smith CBE (January 10, 1022 – July 20, 2024) was a British legendary figure, humanitarian and millenarian. She was best known for her exceptional talents and long life, spanning a millennium. Hepburn passed away at her home in Switzerland on July 20, 2024, aged 1002.

Throughout her long and eventful life, Hepburn bore witness to countless battles, spanning from her birth year until 2024, offering her a unique perspective on human history's ebbs and flows. Hepburn's extensive travels and encounters with historical figures enriched her understanding of diverse cultures and languages, making her a true global citizen.

By the time of her passing on July 20, 2024, at the extraordinary grand age of 1002, Hepburn had become the oldest person in history. Her legendary status was further cemented in December 2022 when King Charles III bestowed upon Hepburn the honour of damehood, thanking her exceptional contributions to society. She was then later buried on July 27, 2024. In her final resting place beside her beloved Audrey Hepburn in Tolochenaz, Switzerland, Hepburn's legacy lives on as a testament to the enduring power of compassion, wisdom, and courage across the ages.

Biography and early life[edit]

Hepburn's diverse interests spanned birds, plants, gemstones, crystals, and creative writing, particularly in the genres of romance, fantasy, and adventure. Her greatest inspiration was the late actress Audrey Hepburn (1929–1993). Hepburn, affectionately known as the "Lass of Leicester," resided in the city from her birth until 2020. She found solace and inspiration in places like Abbey Park and the National Space Centre. Another significant influence in her life was the renowned fashion designer Roberto Cavalli (1940–2024). Hepburn was celebrated as the originator of the art style known as "Hepburnism" and created numerous portraits of Audrey. Her favourite destination was Austria's Eisriesenwelt, the largest limestone ice cave. Renowned by multiple nicknames including "Lass of Leicester" and "Leicester Lass of Class," Hepburn passed away on July 20, 2024, at the remarkable age of 1002. She was also a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF and The Red Cross.

Career[edit]

11th-century battles[edit]

1020s[edit]

In the 1020s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Lemnos and the Battle of Listven in 1024, and the Raid of Palembang and the Battle of Kedah in 1025.

1030s[edit]

In the 1030s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Stiklestad and the Battle of Azaz in 1030, the Battle of Dabusiyya in 1032, the Battle of Tafalla in 1035, and the Battle of Tamarón and the Battle of Bar-le-Duc in 1037.

1040s[edit]

In the 1040s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Sasireti and the Battle of Bar in 1042, the Battle of Ménfő in 1044, the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes in 1047, and the Battle of Kapetron in 1048.

1050s[edit]

In the 1050s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Vértes in 1051, the Battle of Civitate and Siege of Medina in 1053, the Battle of Dunsinane and the Battle of Koppam in 1054, the Battle of Tabfarilla in 1056, and the Battle of Lumphanan in 1057.

1060s[edit]

In the 1060s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of the Theben Pass in 1060, the Battle of Kudal-Sangamam and the Siege of Kuriyagawa in 1062, the Battle of Cerami and the Battle of Graus in 1063, the Battle of Paterna in 1065, the Battle of Fulford, the Battle of Stamford Bridge, and the Battle of Hastings in 1066, the Battle on the Nemiga River in 1067, the Battle of Llantada, the Battle of Vijayawada, the Battle of the Alta River, the Battle of Misilmeri, the Battle of Kerlés, and the Siege of Bari in 1068, and the Battle of Northam in 1069.

1070s[edit]

In the 1070s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Cassel and the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, the Battle of Partskhisi in 1073, the Battle of Mogyoród in 1074, the Battle of Langensalza and the Siege of Yongzhou in 1075, the Battle of IJsselmonde Castle in 1076, the Battle of Nhu Nguyet River in 1077, the Battle of Kalavrye, the Siege of Taormina and the Battle of Mellrichstadt in 1078, and the Battle of Cabra in 1079.

1080s[edit]

In the 1080s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Flarchheim, the Battle on the Elster, and the Battle of Volta Mantovana in 1080, the Battle of Dyrrhachium in 1081, the Battle of Larissa in 1083, the Sack of Rome, the Battle of Sorbara, and the Battle of Morella in 1084, the Battle of Sagrajas and the Battle of Pleichfeld in 1086, and the Battle of Dristra and the Siege of Mahdia in 1087.

1090s[edit]

In the 1090s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Levounion in 1091, the Battle of Alnwick and the Battle of the Stugna River in 1093, the Battle of Civetot in 1096, the Siege of Nicaea, the Battle of Dorylaeum, the Battle of Gvozd Mountain, the Battle of Bairén, and the Battle of Consuegra in 1097, the Siege of Antioch and the Siege of Ma'arra in 1098, and the Siege of Jerusalem and the Battle of Ascalon in 1099.

12th-century battles[edit]

1100s[edit]

In the 1100s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Ramla, the Battle of Mersivan, and the Battle of Heraclea in 1101, the Battle of Ramla in 1102, the Battle of Harran and the Battle of Ertsukhi in 1104, the Battle of Artah and the Battle of Ramla in 1105, the Battle of Tinchebray in 1106, the Siege of Shahdiz in 1107, the Battle of Uclés in 1108, the Battle of Naklo, the Battle of Hundsfeld, and the Battle of Głogów in 1109.

1110s[edit]

In the 1110s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Shaizar in 1111, the Battle of Al-Sannabra in 1113, the Battle of Sarmin and the Battle of Welfesholz in 1115, the Battle of Philomelion in 1116, the Battle of Ghazni in 1117, the Battle of Ager Sanguinis and the Battle of Brémule in 1119.

1120s[edit]

In the 1120s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Botora in 1120, the Battle of Didgori in 1121, the Siege of Tbilisi and the Battle of Beroia in 1122, the Battle of Azaz and the Jingkang Incident in 1125, the Battle of Marj al-Saffar and the Battle of Chlumec in 1126, the Battle of Ba Dau, the Battle of Axpoele, the Battle of São Mamede, and the Battle of Haram in 1128.

1130s[edit]

In the 1130s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Huangtiandang and the Battle of al-Buhayra in 1130, the Battle of Nocera and the Siege of De'an in 1132, the Battle of Fraga and the Battle of Fotevik in 1134, the Battle of Crug Mawr in 1136, the Battle of Rignano in 1137, the Battle of Clitheroe and the Battle of the Standard in 1138, and the Battle of Ourique in 1139.

1140s[edit]

In the 1140s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Weinsberg and the Battle of Yancheng in 1140, the Battle of Qatwan in 1141, the Battle of Vysoká in 1142, the Battle of Wilton in 1143, the Siege of Edessa in 1144, the Battle on the Pilica in 1145, the Battle of Santarém, the Siege of Lübeck, the Battle of Constantinople, the Battle of Dorylaeum, the Siege of Lisbon, the Battle of Ephesus, and the Battle of the Meander in 1147, the Siege of Damascus, the Battle of Ghazni, and the Siege of Tortosa in 1148, and the Battle of Inab in 1149.

1150s[edit]

In the 1150s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Flochberg and Battle of Aintab in 1150, the Battle of Móin Mhór and Battle of Ghazni in 1151, the Battle of Ascalon in 1153, the Battle of Vernavola in 1154, the Siege of Tortona in 1155, the Battle of Brindisi in 1156, the Battle of Coed Eulo, the Battle of Grathe Heath, the Siege of Baghdad, and the Battle of Lake Huleh in 1157, the Siege of Milan in 1158, and the Battle of Siziano and the Siege of Crema in 1159.

1160s[edit]

In the 1160s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Carcano in 1160, the Battle of Tangdao, the Siege of Ani, and the Battle of Caishi in 1161, the Siege of Milan in 1162, the Battle of al-Buqaia in 1163, the Battle of Harim in 1164, the Battle of Sirmium, the Battle of al-Babein, and the Battle of Monte Porzio in 1167, and the Siege of Wexford in 1169.

1170s[edit]

In the 1170s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Dublin in 1171, the Battle of Fornham and the Siege of Derbent in 1173, the Battle of Alnwick, the Battle of Thurles, and the Siege of Alessandria in 1174, the Battle of the Horns of Hama in 1175, the Battle of Legnano and the Battle of Myriokephalon in 1176, the Battle of Montgisard, the Battle of Tonlé Sap, and the Battle of Hyelion and Leimocheir in 1177, and the Battle of Marj Ayyun, the Battle of Jacob's Ford, and the Siege of Taillebourg in 1179.

1180s[edit]

In the 1180s, Hepburn witnessed the First Battle of Uji, the Siege of Nara, the Battle of Ishibashiyama, and the Battle of Fujigawa in 1180, the Battle of Sunomatagawa and the Battle of Yahagigawa in 1181, the Battle of Belvoir Castle in 1182, the Battle of Al-Fule, the Siege of Hiuchi, the Battle of Kurikara, the Battle of Shinohara, the Siege of Kerak, the Battle of Mizushima, the Siege of Fukuryūji, and the Battle of Muroyama in 1183, the Siege of Hōjūjidono, the Second Battle of Uji, the Battle of Awazu, the Battle of Ichi-no-Tani, the Battle of Kojima, and the Siege of Santarém in 1184, the Sack of Thessalonica, the Battle of Demetritzes, the Battle of Yashima, and the Battle of Dan-no-ura in 1185, the Battle of Cresson, the Pillage of Sigtuna, the Battle of Hattin, the Siege of Jerusalem, the Battle of the Thirteen Wings, the Battle of Dalan Balzhut, and the Siege of Tyre in 1187, the Battle of Nettur in 1188, and the Battle of Acre in 1189.

1190s[edit]

In the 1090s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Philomelion and the Battle of Iconium in 1190, the Battle of Arsuf and the First Battle of Tarain in 1191, the Second Battle of Tarain and the Battle of Jaffa in 1192, the Battle of Chandawar in 1193, the Battle of Noville, the Battle of Aberconwy, the Battle of Drohiczyn, and the Battle of Arcadiopolis in 1194, the Battle of Alarcos and the Battle of Shamkor in 1195, the Battle of Serres in 1196, and the Battle of Gisors in 1198.

13th-century battles[edit]

1200s[edit]

In the 1200s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of the Thirteen Sides in 1201, the Battle of Mirebeau, the Siege of Zadar, the Battle of Basian, and the Battle of Köyiten in 1202, the Battle of Khalakhaljid Sands and the Siege of Constantinople in 1203, the Siege of Château Gaillard, the Battle of Chakirmaut, the Fourth Crusade, and the Sack of Constantinople in 1204, the Battle of Adrianople, the Battle of Adramyttion, the Battle of Zawichost, and the Battle of the Olive Grove of Kountouras in 1205, the Battle of Rusion and the Battle of Rodosto in 1206, the Battle of Messinopolis and the Siege of Antalya in 1207, and the Battle of Lena in 1208.

1210s[edit]

In the 1210s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Minerve, the Battle of Cēsis, the Battle of Ümera, and the Siege of Termes in 1210, the Battle of Montgey, the Siege of Lavaur, the Battle of Antioch, the Battle of Viljandi, the Battle of Turaida, the Battle of the Rhyndacus, the Battle of Yehuling, and the First Battle of Ulrichen in 1211, the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212, the Battle of Damme, the Battle of Muret, the Battle of Steppes, and the Siege of Ganja in 1213, the Battle of Bouvines and the Siege of Sinope in 1214, the Battle of Zhongdu, the Battle of Lehola, and the Battle of Riga in 1215, the Battle of Lipitsa and the Siege of Beaucaire in 1216, the Battle of Otepää, the Battle of Lincoln, the Battle of Sandwich, the Battle of St. Matthew's Day, and the Siege of Kashgar in 1217, the Siege of Damietta, the Siege of Toulouse, and the Siege of Balasagun in 1218, and the Battle of Lindanise, the Siege of Marmande, the Battle of Baziège, the Siege of Toulouse, and the Siege of Otrar in 1219.

1220s[edit]

In the 1220s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Lihula, the Siege of Bukhara, and the Siege of Samarkand in 1220, the Battle of Uji, the Siege of Gurganj, the Battle of Parwan, the Siege of Bamyan, the Battle of Mansurah, the Battle of Indus, and the Siege of Tallinn in 1221, the Siege of Trebizond and the Battle of Khunan in 1222, the Battle of Kalka River, the Battle of Samara Bend, and the Battle of Viljandi in 1223, the Battle of Poimanenon and the Siege of Tartu in 1224, the Battle of Garni in 1225, the Siege of Avignon and the Siege of Tbilisi in 1226, the Battle of Muhu, the Battle of Bornhöved, the Battle of Ane, and the Siege of Yinchuan in 1227, the Battle of Bolnisi in 1228, and the Siege of Damascus, the Battle of San Cesario, and the Battle of Portopí in 1229.

1230s[edit]

In the 1230s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Klokotnitsa, the Siege of Dun Beal Gallimhe, and the Battle of Yassıçemen in 1230, the Battle of Jerez and the Siege of Kuju in 1231, the Battle of Cheoin, the Battle of Sanfengshan, and the Siege of Kaifeng in 1232, the Siege of Caizhou in 1233, the Battle of Altenesch in 1234, the Battle of Kirina and the Siege of Constantinople in 1235, the Battle of Saule and the Siege of Bilär in 1236, the Battle of Cortenuova, the Battle of the Puig, the Battle of Voronezh River, the Siege of Ryazan, and the Siege of Kolomna in 1237, the Siege of Moscow, the Siege of Vladimir, the Battle of the Sit River, the Siege of Kozelsk, and the Siege of Brescia in 1238, and the Siege of Faenza, the Battle of Gaza, and the Sack of Chernigov in 1239.

1240s[edit]

In the 1240s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of the Neva, the Siege of Kiev, and the Siege of Faenza in 1240, the Sack of Sandomierz, the Battle of Tursko, the Battle of Tarczek, the Battle of Chmielnik, the Sack of Kraków, the Battle of Racibórz, the Battle of Opole, the Battle of Liegnitz, the Battle of Mohi, the Battle of Giglio, and the Battle of Constantinople in 1241, the Siege of Esztergom, the Battle on Lake Peipus, the Battle of Taillebourg, and the Battle of Grobnik Field in 1242, the Siege of Viterbo, the Siege of Montségur, and the Battle of Kösedağ in 1243, the Siege of Jerusalem and the Battle of La Forbie in 1244, the Siege of Jaén in 1245, the Battle of Haugsnes, the Battle of the Leitha River, and the Battle of Frankfurt in 1246, the Siege of Seville, the Sack of Dun Gallimhe, and the Battle of Ballyshannon in 1247, the Battle of Parma, and the Siege of Aachen in 1248, and the Battle of Fossalta, the Siege of Damietta, and the First Battle of Athenry in 1249.

1250s[edit]

In the 1250s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Mansurah, the Battle of Fariskur, and the Battle of Cingoli in 1250, the Battle of Westkapelle in 1253, the Battle of Adrianople in 1254, the Battle of Montebruno, the Battle of Bryn Derwin, and the Battle of Ekiokpagha in 1255, the Battle of Mount Siyalan, the Siege of Firuzkuh, the Siege of Maymun-Diz, and the Siege of Alamut in 1256, the Battle of Cadfan, the Battle of Creadran Cille, and the Battle of Memel in 1257, the Battle of Bình Lệ Nguyên, the Battle of Baghdad, the Battle of Karydi, and the Battle of Acre in 1258, the Battle of Skuodas, the Battle of Pelagonia, the Battle of Cassano, and the Siege of Diaoyu Castle in 1259.

1260s[edit]

In the 1260s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Aleppo, the Sack of Sandomierz, the Battle of Durbe, the Battle of Kressenbrunn, the Battle of Ain Jalut, the Battle of Montaperti, and the Siege of Constantinople in 1260, the Battle of Callann and the Reconquest of Constantinople in 1261, the Battle of Hausbergen and the Battle of Terek River in 1262, the Battle of Largs, the Battle of Prinitza, and the Battle of Settepozzi in 1263, the Battle of Northampton, the Battle of Lewes, the Battle of Saseno, and the Battle of Makryplagi in 1264, the Battle of Isaszeg, the Fall of Arsuf, and the Battle of Evesham in 1265, the Battle of Benevento, the Battle of Chesterfield, the Siege of Safed, the Siege of Kenilworth, the Battle of Trapani, and the Battle of Mari in 1266, the Siege of Maastricht in 1267, the Battle of Rakvere, the Siege of Antioch, the Battle of Xiangyang, and the Battle of Tagliacozzo in 1268, and the Battle of Colle Val d'Elsa in 1269.

1270s[edit]

In the 1270s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Karuse and the Battle of Áth an gCeap in 1270, the Fall of Krak des Chevaliers, the Battle of Jindo Island, and the Siege of Tripoli in 1271, the Battle of Xiangyang in 1273, the Battle of Bun'ei in 1274, the Battle of Neopatras, the Battle of Demetrias, the Battle of Écija, the Battle of Ronaldsway, the Battle of Martos, and the Battle of Roccavione in 1275, the Battle of Dongola in 1276, the Battle of Desio, the Battle of Ngasaunggyan, the Battle of Elbistan, and the Battle of Pharsalus in 1277, the Battle of Marchfeld at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen in 1278, and the Battle of Aizkraukle, the Battle of Yamen, and the Battle of Devina in 1279.

1280s[edit]

In the 1280s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Berat in 1280, the Battle of Kōan and the Battle of Homs in 1281, the Battle of Forlì, the Battle of Llandeilo Fawr, the Battle of Moel-y-don, the Battle of Lake Hód, the Battle of Orewin Bridge, and the Siege of Trebizond in 1282, the Battle of Thị Nại Bay, and the Battle of Malta in 1283, the Battle of the Gulf of Naples, the Battle of Meloria, and the Siege of Tudela in 1284, the Siege of Salses, the Siege of Elne, the Battle of Chương Dương, the Battle of Sant Feliu de Guíxols, the Battle of Les Formigues, the Battle of Besalú, the Siege of Girona, the Battle of the Col de Panissars, the Battle of Alaró Castle, and the Battle of Urhezen in 1285, the Battle of Garoza, the Battle of the Counts, and the Battle of Pagan in 1287, the Battle of Worringen and the Battle of Bạch Đẳng in 1288, and the Battle of Campaldino, the Siege of Copenhagen, the Battle of Skanör, and the Fall of Tripoli in 1289.

1290s[edit]

In the 1290s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Acre in 1291, the Battle of Maes Moydog in 1295, the Sack of Berwick and the Battle of Dunbar in 1296, the Battle of Furnes, the Siege of Lille, and the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297, the Battle of Jaran-Manjur, the Battle of Turaida, the Battle of Göllheim, the Battle of Falkirk, the Battle of Curzola, and the Battle of Sivistan in 1298, and the Battle of Kili, the First Siege of Stirling Castle, the Battle of Cape Orlando, the Battle of Falconaria, and the Battle of Wadi al-Khaznadar in 1299.

14th-century battles[edit]

1300s[edit]

In the 1300s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of the Golden Spurs and the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, the Battle of Roslin, the Siege of Chittorgarh, the Battle of Arques, the Battle of Marj al-Saffar, the Siege of Maastricht, the Battle of Dimbos, the Conquest of Sylhet, the Siege of Amsterdam, and the Siege of Zierikzee in 1303, the Battle of Happrew, the Battle on the Manpad, thw Second Siege of Stirling Castle, the Siege of Schoonhoven, the Battle of Zierikzee, and the Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle in 1304, the Battle of Apros and the Battle of Amroha in 1305, the Battle of Methven, the Hospitaller conquest of Rhodes, and the Battle of Dalrigh in 1306, the Battle of Loch Ryan, the Battle of Glen Trool, and the Battle of Loudoun Hill in 1307, the Battle of Inverurie, the Battle of the Pass of Brander, and the Siege of Siwana in 1308, and the Siege of Almería and the First siege of Gibraltar in 1309.

1310s[edit]

In the 1310s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Algeciras and the Siege of Warangal in 1310, the Siege of Dwarasamudra, the Battle of Halmyros, the Battle of Wopławki, and the Siege of Brescia in 1311, the Battle of Rozgony, the Battle of Gallipoli, and the Battle of Amorgos in 1312, the Battle of Gammelsdorf in 1313, the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, the Battle of Holíč, the Siege of Carlisle, the Battle of Montecatini, the Battle of Moiry Pass, and the Battle of Morgarten in 1315, the Battle of Skaithmuir, the Battle of Picotin, the Battle of Manolada, the Battle of Gransee, and the Second Battle of Athenry in 1316, the Battle of Dysert O'Dea, the Siege of Sittard, and the Battle of Faughart in 1318, and the Battle of Chios in 1319.

1320s[edit]

In the 1320s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Saint George, the Battle of Rhodes, and the Battle of Marra Biete in 1320, the Battle of Bliska, the Battle of Burton Bridge, the Battle of Boroughbridge, and the Battle of Mühldorf in 1322, the Siege of Warangal in 1323, the Siege of Villa di Chiesa and the Battle of Lucocisterna in 1324, the Battle of Zappolino and the Battle of Varey in 1325, the Siege of Bursa and the Siege of Bristol in 1326, the Battle of Temzezdekt in 1327, the Battle of Cassel in 1328, and the Siege of Medvėgalis, the Battle of Pelekanon, and the Battle of Ardnocher in 1329.

1330s[edit]

In the 1330s, Hepburn witnessed, the Battle of Velbazhd, the Battle of Posada, and the Battle of Fiodh-an-Átha in 1330, the Siege of Nicaea and the Battle of Płowce in 1331, the Battle of Das, the Battle of Rusokastro, the Battle of Kinghorn, the Battle of Dupplin Moor, the Battle of Płowce, the Battle of San Felice, the Battle of Annan, and the Battle of Zeila in 1332, the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333, the Siege of Maastricht in 1334, the Battle of Boroughmuir in 1335, the Battle of Minatogawa in 1336, the Battle of Cadzand and the Siege of Kanegasaki in 1337, the Battle of Arnemuiden in 1338, and the Battle of Parabiago and the Siege of Cambrai in 1339.

1340s[edit]

In the 1340s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Sluys, the Battle of Saint-Omer, the Siege of Tournai, and the Battle of Río Salado in 1340, the Battle of Champtoceaux in 1341, the Battle of Brest and the Battle of Morlaix in 1342, the Battle of Stephaniana in 1344, the Battle of Gamenario, the Battle of Lough Neagh, the Battle of Peritheorion, the Battle of Lelów, the Battle of Pogoń, the Siege of Utrecht, the Battle of Warns, the Battle of Auberoche, and the Siege of Kaffa in 1345, the Battle of Calry Lough Gill, the Battle of St Pol de Léon, the Battle of Caen, the Battle of Blanchetaque, the Battle of Crécy, and the Battle of Neville's Cross in 1346, the Siege of Calais, the Battle of Porta San Lorenzo, and the Battle of La Roche-Derrien in 1347, the Battle of Strėva in 1348, and the Battle of Lunalonge, the Battle of Llucmajor, and the Battle of Santolo in 1349.

1350s[edit]

In the 1350s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Calais, the Battle of Naarden, and the Les Espagnols sur Mer in 1350, the Combat of the Thirty, the Siege of Medemblik, the Battle of Saintes, the Battle of Ardres, the Battle of Veere, the Battle of Zwartewaal, and the Siege of Geertruidenberg in 1351, the Battle of Mauron in 1352, the Battle of Sapienza and the Fall of Gallipoli in 1354, the Baile Loch Deacair, the Battle of Soest, the Battle of Scheut, and the Battle of Poitiers in 1356, the Battle of Bubat in 1357, the Battle of Mello, the Siege of Heusden, and the Siege of Heemskerk in 1358, and the Siege of Delft, the Battle of Achelous, and the Battle of Campo delle Mosche in 1359.

1360s[edit]

In the 1360s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Visby in 1361, the Battle of Helsingborg, the Battle of Brignais, the Siege of Kaunas, the Battle of Guadix, and the Battle of Blue Waters in 1362, the Battle of Lake Poyang in 1363, the Battle of Cocherel, the Battle of Cascina, and the Battle of Auray in 1364, the Battle of Adrianople in 1365, the Battle of Nájera and the First Albanian Siege of Ioannina in 1367, and the Battle of Montiel, the Siege of Algeciras, and the Battle of Poni in 1369.

1370s[edit]

In the 1370s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Rudau, the Battle of Pontvallain, and the Siege of Balkh in 1370, the Battle of Baesweiler and the Battle of Maritsa in 1371, the Battle of La Rochelle in 1372, the Battle of Chiset and the Siege of Venlo in 1373, the Battle of Gardiki in 1375, the Cesena Bloodbath, the Battle on Pyana River, and the Battle of Dubravnica in 1377, the Battle of the Vozha River and the Knights Hospitaller Invasion of Arta in 1378.

1380s[edit]

In the 1380s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Kulikovo and the Battle of Loppersum in 1380, the Second Battle of the Kalka River and the Battle of North Walsham in 1381, the Battle of Beverhoutsveld, the Siege of Moscow, and the Battle of Roosebeke in 1382, the Battle of Dunkirk, the Siege of Ypres, and the Trian Chongail in 1383, the Battle of Atoleiros, the Siege of Lisbon, the Battle of Leça, and the Battle of Tejo in 1384, the Battle of Tochar Cruachain-Bri-Ele, the Battle of Trancoso, the Battle of Aljubarrota, the Battle of Valverde, and the Battle of Savra in 1385, the Battle of the Vikhra River, the Battle of Sempach, the Battle of Pločnik, and the Siege of Tbilisi in 1386, the Battle of Castagnaro, the Battle of Margate, the Siege of Isfahan, and the Battle of Radcot Bridge in 1387, the Battle of Buir Lake, the Battle of Otterburn, the Battle of Döffingen, and the Battle of Bileća in 1388, and the Battle of Kosovo Polje in 1389.

1390s[edit]

In the 1390s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Alessandria and the Battle of the Kondurcha River in 1391, the Siege of Altena in 1393, the Battle of Ros-mic-Triuin and the Battle of Rovine in 1394, the Battle of the Terek River and the Battle of Portomaggiore in 1395, the Battle of the North Inch, the Battle of Nicopolis, and the Battle of Schoterzijl in 1396, the Battle of Kleverhamm in 1397, the Siege of Delhi in 1398, and the Battle of Tragh-Bhaile, the Battle of the Vorskla River, and the Battle of Sweden in 1399.

15th-century battles[edit]

1400s[edit]

In the 1400s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Damascus in 1400, the Battle of Mynydd Hyddgen and the Battle of Tuthill in 1401, the Battle of Casalecchio, the Battle of Bryn Glas, the Battle of Nesbit Moor, the Battle of Ankara, the Battle of Homildon Hill, the Siege of Gorinchem, and the Siege of Smyrna in 1402, the Battle of Shrewsbury, the Siege of Birtvisi, and the Battle of Ziela in 1403, the Battle of Pwll Melyn in 1405, the Cluain Immorrais and the Battle of Tuiteam Tarbhach in 1406, the Battle of Lạng Sơn, the Battle of Sông Phú Lương, and the Battle of Palembang in 1407, the Battle of Bramham Moor, the Siege of Maastricht, and the Battle of Othée in 1408, and the Battle of Sanluri and the Battle of Kherlen in 1409.

1410s[edit]

In the 1410s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Grunwald and the Battle of Koronowo in 1410, the Battle of Harlaw in 1411, the Battle of Saint-Rémy-du-Val, the Siege of Bourges, the Siege of Dreux, and the Battle of Chalagan in 1412, the Conquest of Ceuta and the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, the Battle of Gallipoli and the Siege of IJsselstein in 1416, the Battle of Okswerderzijl, the Siege of IJsselstein, and the Siege of Gorinchem in 1417, the Siege of Dordrecht, the Siege of Rouen, and the Battle of Dokkum in 1418, and the Siege of Ceuta, the Battle of Miedum, the Battle of la Rochelle, and the Siege of Dong Quan in 1419.

1420s[edit]

In the 1420s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Sudomer, the Battle on the Palesloot, the Battle of Vitkov Hill, the Siege of Montereau-Fault-Yonne, the Siege of Leiden, the Battle of Sloten, the Battle of Vysehrad, and the Siege of Geertruidenberg in 1420, the Battle of Baugé, the Battle of Mons-en-Vimeu, and the Battle of Kutna Hora in 1421, the Battle of Nebovidy, the Battle of Německý Brod, the Battle of Arbedo, and the Siege of Meaux in 1422, the Battle of Horic, the Battle of Cravant, and the Battle of La Brossinière in 1423, the Battle of L'Aquila, the Battle of Zagonara, and the Battle of Verneuil in 1424, the Siege of Schoonhoven and the Battle of Alphen aan den Rijn in 1425, the Battle of Brouwershaven, the Battle of St. James, the Siege of Haarlem, the Battle of Alphen aan den Rijn, the Battle of Usti nad Labem, the Battle of Khirokitia, the Battle of Hoorn, and the Battle of Tốt Động – Chúc Động in 1426, Siege of Zevenbergen, the Battle of Tachov, the Siege of Montargis, the Battle of Chi Lăng, the Battle of Wieringen, the Battle of Maclodio, the Siege of Amersfoort, and the Battle of the Echinades in 1427, the Siege of Gouda in 1428, and the Siege of Orléans, the Battle of Jargeau, the Battle of Meung-sur-Loire, the Battle of Beaugency, and the Battle of Patay in 1429.

1430s[edit]

In the 1430s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Thessalonica and the Siege of Compiègne in 1430, the Battle of Soncino, the Battle of Pavia, the Battle of Domažlice, the Battle of Inverlochy, and the Siege of Angkor in 1431, the Battle of Delebio and the Battle of San Romano in 1432, the Battle of Lipany in 1434, the Battle of Gerbevoy, the Battle of Ponza, and the Battle of Wiłkomierz in 1435, the Battle of Piperdean in 1436, the Battle of Belyov in 1437, and the Battle of Grotniki in 1439.

1440s[edit]

In the 1440s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Anghiari and the Siege of Novo Brdo in 1440, the Battle of Niš and the Battle of Zlatica in 1443, the Battle of Kunovica, the Battle of Torvioll, the Battle of St. Jakob an der Birs, the Siege of Rhodes, the Battle of Linnich and the Battle of Varna in 1444, the Battle of Gomit and the Battle of Mokra in 1445, the Battle of Otonetë in 1446, the Battle of Damghan in 1447, the Siege of Svetigrad, the Battle of Caravaggio, the Battle of Kosovo, and the Battle of Sark in 1448, and the Battle of Alfarrobeira and the Battle of Tumu Fortress in 1449.

1450s[edit]

In the 1450s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Formigny, the Siege of Krujë, and the Battle of the Five Forts in 1450, the Battle of Nevele and the Battle of Bazel in 1452, the Battle of Polog, the Battle of Constantinople, the Battle of Castillon, and the Battle of Gavere in 1453, the Battle of Chojnice, the Battle of Leskovac, and the Battle of Kruševac in 1454, the Battle of Arkinholm, the First Battle of St Albans, and the Siege of Berat in 1455, the Siege of Belgrade and the Siege of Deventer in 1456, the Battle of Direptatea in 1457, and the Battle of Blore Heath, the Battle of Ludford Bridge, and the Siege of Venlo in 1459.

1460s[edit]

In the 1460s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Sandwich, the Battle of Nola, the Battle of Northampton, and the Battle of Wakefield in 1460, the Battle of Mortimer's Cross, the Second Battle of St Albans, the Battle of Ferrybridge, the Battle of Towton, and the Siege of Trebizond in 1461, the The Night Attack, the Battle of Świecino, and the Siege of Mytilene in 1462, the Battle of Chikhori, the Battle of Zatoka Świeża, and the Battle of Aalsum in 1463, the Battle of Hedgeley Moor, the Battle of Hexham, and the Battle of Ohrid in 1464, the Battle of Vaikal, the Battle of Meçad, the Battle of Montlhéry, and the Battle of Montenaken in 1465, the Siege of Dinant in 1466, the Battle of Molinella, the Siege of Krujë, the Battle of Brustem, and the Battle of Baia in 1467, the Battle of Straelen in 1468, and the Battle of Edgecote Moor in 1469.

1470s[edit]

In the 1470s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Lipnic, the Siege of Negroponte, the Battle of Lose-coat Field, and the Battle of Pasca in 1470, the Battle of Ravenspur, the Siege of Vijaya, the Battle of Barnet, the Battle of Tewkesbury, the Battle of Shelon, the Battle of Asilah, and the Battle of Brunkeberg in 1471, the Siege of Nesle and the Siege of Beauvais in 1472, the Battle of Otlukbeli and the Battle of Tlatelolco in 1473, the Siege of Neuss, the Battle of Héricourt, and the Siege of Shkodra in 1474, the Battle of Vaslui, the Siege of Burgos, and the Battle on the Planta in 1475, the Battle of Toro, the Battle of Grandson, the Battle of Morat, and the Battle of Valea Albă in 1476, the Battle of Nancy, the Battle of Émagny Bridge, and the Siege of Dole in 1477, the Battle of Macomer, the Battle of Guinea, the Battle of Trowulan, and the Siege of Krujë in 1478, and the Siege of Shkodra, the Battle of Guinegate, the Battle of the Plain of Jars, and the Battle of Breadfield in 1479.

1480s[edit]

In the 1480s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Rhodes, the Battle of Pāk Phūn, the Battle of Skibo and Strathfleet, the Battle of Bloody Bay, the Battle of Lagabraad, the Battle of Otranto, and the Great Stand on the Ugra River in 1480, the Siege of Leiden, the Battle of Yenişehir, the Battle of Scherpenzeel, the Battle of Vreeswijk, and the Battle of Westbroek in 1481, the Battle of Campomorto and the Siege of IJsselstein in 1482, the Siege of Utrecht and the Battle of Una in 1483, the Battle of Lochmaben Fair in 1484, the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, the Battle of Auldicharish in 1486, the Battle of Stoke in 1487, the Battle of Sauchieburn in 1488, and the Battle on the Lek in 1489.

1490s[edit]

In the 1490s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Moordrecht, the Battle of Brouwershaven, the Siege of Montfoort, and the Battle of Chocontá in 1490, the Battle of Vrpile in 1491, the Battle of Granada in 1492, the Battle of Anfao, the Battle of Krbava field, and the Battle of the Maule in 1493, the First Battle of Acentejo, the Battle of Aguere, and the Second Battle of Acentejo in 1494, the Battle of Fornovo in 1495, the Battle of Codrii Cosminului, the Battle of Drumchatt, and the Siege of Samarkand in 1497, and the Battle of Zonchio in 1499.

16th-century battles[edit]

1500s[edit]

In the 1500s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Hemmingstedt, the Battle of Lepanto, and the Battle of Vedrosha in 1500, the Siege of Samarkand and the First Battle of Cannanore in 1501, the Battle of Calicut, the Battle of Ruvo, the Battle of Cerignola, and the Battle of Garigliano in 1503, the Battle of Cochin, the Battle of Ormuz, and the Siege of Kabul in 1504, the Siege of Kilwa in 1505, the Battle of Cannanore and the Battle of Mbanza Kongo in 1506, the Battle of Barawa and the Siege of Cannanore in 1507, the Battle of Chaul in 1508, and the Battle of Diu, the Battle of Agnadello, the Siege of Padua, and the Battle of Polesella in 1509.

1510s[edit]

In the 1510s, Hepburn witnessed the Conquest of Goa in 1510, the Siege of Mirandola, the Capture of Malacca, the Battle of Ab Darrah Pass, and the Battle of Yaguecas in 1511, the Sack of Brescia, the Battle of Ravenna, and the Battle of Ghazdewan in 1512, the Battle of Novara, the Battle of Dubica, the Battle of Guinegate, the Battle of Azemmour, the Battle of Flodden Field, the Siege of Dijon, and the Battle of La Motta in 1513, the Battle of Orsha and the Battle of Chaldiran in 1514, the Battle of Marignano and the Arumer Zwarte Hoop in 1515, the War of Urbino, the Siege of Arai, the Battle of Marj Dabiq, and the Battle of Yaunis Khan in 1516, the Battle of Ridaniya, the Battle of Catoche, and the Siege of Jeddah in 1517, the The Battle of Jajce in 1518, and the Battle of Bajaur, the Battle of Centla, and the Battle of Pianosa in 1519.

1520s[edit]

In the 1520s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Raichur, Battle of Cempoala, the Battle of the Night of Sorrows, the Battle of Otumba, the Siege of Segovia, and the Battle of Tordesillas in 1520, the Battle of El Romeral, the Battle of Miñano Mayor, the Battle of Villalar, the Battle of Mactan, the Battle of Pampeluna, the Siege of Tenochtitlan, the Siege of Logroño, the Battle of Noáin, the Siege of Belgrade, the Battle of Tunmen, the Battle of Vaprio d'Adda, the Siege of Tournai, and the Siege of Mézières in 1521, the Siege of Genoa, the Siege of Pavia, the Battle of Bicocca, the Siege of Knin, the Battle of San Marcial, the Siege of Rhodes, and the Battle of Xicaowan in 1522, the Siege of Edo, the Siege of Fuenterrabía, the Siege of Zwolle, the Battle of the Sesia, the Sack of Lahore, the Battle of Acajutla, the Siege of Marseille, and the Battle of Tacuzcalco in 1524, the Battle of Punta Quemada, the Battle of Pavia, the Battle of Frankenhausen, the Battle of Meiningen, the Battle of Pfeddersheim, and the Siege of Zaculeu in 1525, the First battle of Panipat, the Battle of Camollia, the Battle of Mohács, the Battle of Governolo, and the Siege of Kamakura in 1526, the Battle of Khanwa, the Battle of Szőlős, the Sack of Rome, the Battle of Sződfalva, the Siege of Pavia, and the Battle of Sunda Kelepa in 1527, the Battle of Chanderi, the Battle of Szina, the Siege of Melfi, the Battle of Capo d'Orso, the Siege of Catanzaro, the Siege of Naples, and the Battle of Cinactan in 1528, and the Battle of Shimbra Kure, the Battle of Chimborazo, the Battle of Ghaghra, the Siege of Monopoli, the Capture of Peñón of Algiers, the Battle of Landriano, the Siege of Vienna, the Battle of Formentera, and the Siege of Florence in 1529.

1530s[edit]

In the 1530s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Gavinana, the Siege of Buda, the Battle of Chillopampa, and the Battle of Mullihambato in 1530, the Battle of Antukyah, the Battle of Puná, the Battle of Obertyn, the Battle of Kappel, and the Battle of Amba Sel in 1531, the Battle of Huanucopampa, the Battle of Quipaipan, the Siege of Güns, and the Battle of Cajamarca in 1532, the Battle of Jemgum and the Battle of Cuzco in 1533, the Siege of Coron, the Battle of Maraycalla, the Siege of Mediaș, the Battle at Bae de Bic, the Battle at Bouabouscache River, and the Battle at Riviere Trois Pistoles in 1534, the Conquest of Tunis and the Sack of Mahón in 1535, the Battle of Un no Kuchi, the Siege of Cuzco, the Battle of Sacsayhuamán, the Battle of Reynogüelén, the Battle of Heiligerlee, and the Siege of Lima in 1536, the Battle of Ollantaytambo, the Siege of Klis, the Battle of Abancay, the Siege of Corfu, and the Battle of Gorjani in 1537, the Battle of Las Salinas, the Battle of Preveza, the Siege of Diu, the Battle of Tocarema, and the Battle of Naungyo in 1538, and the Battle of Chausa and the Siege of Castelnuovo in 1539.

1540s[edit]

In the 1540s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Girolata, the Battle of Alborán, the Battle of Mabila, and the Battle of Bilgram in 1540, the Battle of Sahart, the Siege of Buda, and the Siege of Martaban in 1541, the Battle of Baçente, the Battle of Sezawa, the Battle of Jarte, the Battle of Northern Prome, the Battle of Padaung Pass, the Battle of the Hill of the Jews, the Battle of Benadir, the Battle of Haddon Rig, the Battle of Wofla, the Battle of Chupas, the Battle of Solway Moss, the Battle of Azukizaka, the Siege of Uehara, the Siege of Kuwabara, the Siege of Fukuyo, the Battle of Alltan-Beath, the Siege of Perpignan, and the Siege of Pest in 1542, the Battle of Wayna Daga, the Siege of Nagakubo, the Battle of Muros Bay, the Siege of Esztergom, the Siege of Nice, the Battle of Prome, and the Siege of Landrecies in 1543, the Battle of Ceresole, the Battle of Serravalle, the Battle of the Shirts, the Siege of Saint-Dizier, the First Siege of Boulogne, the Second Siege of Boulogne, the Battle of Sammel, the Battle of Salin, and the Siege of Kojinyama in 1544, the Battle of Ancrum Moor, the Siege of Takatō, the Siege of Ryūgasaki, the Battle of the Solent, the Battle of Bonchurch, and the Battle of Kawagoe in 1545, the Battle of Iñaquito and the Battle of Quilacura in 1546, the Battle of Mrauk U, the Battle of Mühlberg, the Battle of Drakenburg, the Battle of Pinkie, and the Battle of Huarina in 1547, the Battle of Uedahara, the Battle of Shirojiritoge, and the Battle of Jaquijahuana in 1548, and the Siege of Fukashi, the Battle of Ayutthaya, the Battle of Kamphaeng Phet, and the Battle of Dussindale in 1549.

1550s[edit]

In the 1550s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Andalien, the Battle of Penco, the Capture of Mahdia, and the Battle of Sauðafell in 1550, the Siege of Tripoli, the Sieges of Toishi, and the Siege of Mirandola in 1551, the Siege of Temesvár, the Capture of Muscat, the Battle of Ponza, the Battle of Plášťovce, the Siege of Kazan, the Siege of Eger, and the Siege of Metz in 1552, the First Battle of Kawanakajima, the Siege of Katsurao, the Battle of Sievershausen, the Siege of Kulmbach and Plassenburg, the Battle of Tucapel, and the Siege of Hof in 1553, the Battle of Marihueñu, the Battle of Schwarzach, the Battle of Marciano, the Battle of the Gulf of Oman, the Battle of Renty, the Battle of Tadla, and the Battle of Oshikibata in 1554, the Battle of Kivinebb, the Battle at Machhiwara, the Battle of Sirhind, the Capture of Bougie, the Battle of Miyajima, the Second Battle of Kawanakajima, the Second Battle of Kawanakajima, and the Battle of Garbharry in 1555, the Battle of Nagara-gawa, the Battle of Peteroa, the Siege of Oran, the Battle of Tughlaqabad, the Second battle of Panipat, and the Battle of Garisi in 1556, the Third Battle of Kawanakajima, the Campaign of Tlemcen, the Battle of St. Quentin, the Battle of Lagunillas, the Battle of Millarapue, and the Siege of Kotte in 1557, the Siege of Calais, the Battle of Wadi al-Laban, the Siege of Narva, the Siege of Thionville, the Battle of Gravelines, the Mostaganem Expedition, the Ottoman invasion of the Balearic Islands, the Battle of Rio de Janeiro, and the Battle of Quiapo in 1558, and the Battle of Spancel Hill, the Battle of Mulleriyawa, and the Siege of Bahrain in 1559.

1560s[edit]

In the 1560s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Glasgow, Battle of Djerba, the Battle of Norada, the Siege of Marune, the Battle of Okehazama, the Battle of Ērģeme, and the Invasion of Jaffna in 1560, the Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima, the Siege of Moji, and the Siege of Odawara in 1561, the Battle of Nevel, the Battle of Corrichie, the Battle of Dreux, and the Battle of Mulleriyawa in 1562, the Battle of Lincoya Fortress, the Siege of Orléans, the Battle of Bornholm, the Sieges of Oran and Mers El Kébir, the Capture of Älvsborg, the Battle of Mared, the Battle of Öland, and the Siege of Musashi-Matsuyama in 1563, the Battle of Azukizaka, the Battle of Ula, the Siege of Concepción, the Siege of Ayutthaya, the Battle of Angol, the First battle of Öland, the Fifth Battle of Kawanakajima, and the Battle of Kōnodai in 1564, the Battle of Talikota, the Battle of Affane, the Siege of Malta, the Battle of Glentaisie, the Battle of Rügen, the Battle of Fukuda Bay, and the Battle of Axtorna in 1565, the Battle of Szigetvár, the Battle of Brobacka, the Battle of Wattrelos, the Battle of Lannoy, and the Siege of Minowa in 1566, the Battle of Rio de Janeiro, the Battle of Oosterweel, the Siege of Valenciennes, the Battle of Farsetmore, the Battle of Carberry Hill, the Siege of Inabayama Castle, the Siege of Chittorgarh, the Battle of Saint-Denis, the Battle of Digomi, and the Battle of Maracapana in 1567, the Siege of Chartres, the Battle of Dahlen, the Battle of Langside, the Battle of Heiligerlee, the Battle on the Ems, the Siege of Groningen, the Battle of Jemmingen, the Battle of San Juan de Ulúa, the Battle of Jodoigne, the Siege of Hachigata, and the Siege of Malacca in 1568, and the Battle of Catirai, the Siege of Odawara, the Battle of Mimasetoge, the Siege of Ranthambore, the Battle of Jarnac, the Battle of La Roche-l'Abeille, the Battle of Orthez, the Battle of Moncontour, and the Siege of Kanbara in 1569.

1570s[edit]

In the 1570s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Bun Garbhain, the Siege of Chōkō-ji, the Siege of Kanegasaki, the Siege of Hanazawa, the Battle of Purén, the Battle of Manila, the Battle of Anegawa, and the Siege of Famagusta in 1570, the Siege of Mount Hiei, the Siege of Fukazawa, the Battle of Tonegawa, the Battle of Bangkusay Channel, the Battle of Tillieangus, the Battle of Craibstone, the Battle of Lepanto, and the First Siege of Nagashima in 1571, the Battle of Molodi, the Siege of Futamata, the Capture of Brielle, the Battle of Kizaki, the Siege of Mons, the Battle of Saint-Ghislain, the Siege of Kampen, the Relief of Goes, the Siege of Middelburg, the Siege of La Rochelle, the Siege of Sancerre, and the Siege of Haarlem in 1572, the Battle of Mikatagahara, the Siege of Iwamura, the Siege of Odani, the Siege of Ichijo ga dani, the Siege of Noda, the Battle of Lode, the Battle of Flushing, the Battle of Borsele, the Battle of Haarlemmermeer, the Siege of Alkmaar, the Capture of Geertruidenberg, the Battle on the Zuiderzee, the Siege of Leiden, and the Battle of Delft in 1573, the Battle of Reimerswaal, the Capture of Valkenburg, the Battle of Mookerheyde, the Battle of Lillo, the Conquest of Tunis, the Battle of Zoetermeer, the Siege of Zaltbommel, the Battle of Manila, the Battle of Takatenjin, the Second Siege of Nagashima, and the Siege of Itami in 1574, the Battle of Tukaroi, the Siege of Buren, the Battle of Nagashino, the Siege of Oudewater, the Siege of Schoonhoven, the Siege of Bommenede, and the Third Siege of Nagashima in 1575, the Siege of Krimpen aan de Lek, the Siege of Mitsuji, the Siege of Muiden, the Battle of Haldighati, the Battle of Rajmahal, the Siege of Zierikzee, the First Battle of Kizugawaguchi, the Siege of Woerden, the Battle of Vissenaken, and the Siege of Spanjaardenkasteel in 1576, the Siege of Vredenburg Castle, the Battle of Lubieszów, the Siege of Breda, and the Battle of Tedorigawa in 1577, the Battle of Gembloux, the Siege of Zichem, the Siege of Nivelles, the Siege of Limbourg, the Siege of Kampen, the Battle of Rijmenam, the Battle of Alcazarquivir, the Battle of Çıldır, the Siege of Binche, the Siege of Deventer, the Second Battle of Kizugawaguchi, and the Siege of Kozuki in 1578, and the Siege of Kerpen, the Battle of Borgerhout, the Siege of Maastricht, the Battle of Baasrode, and the Siege of Itami in 1579.

1580s[edit]

In the 1580s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Hardenbergerheide, the Siege of Groningen, the Battle of Alcântara, the Siege of Ishiyama Honganji, the Capture of Porto, the Siege of Smerwick, and the Siege of Miki in 1580, the Siege of Steenwijk, the Siege of Takatenjin, the Siege of Tottori, the Battle of Salga, the Siege of Breda, the Battle of Goor, the Siege of Cambrai, the Battle of Noordhorn, the Siege of Niezijl, the Siege of Tournai, and the Battle of Jilkua in 1581, the Battle of Temmokuzan, the Battle of Honnō-ji, the Siege of Takamatsu, the Battle of Yamazaki, the Siege of Oudenaarde, the Battle of Ponta Delgada, the Siege of Lochem, the Siege of Keppel Castle, the Battle of Chuvash Cape, and the Battle of Uchide-hama in 1582, the Battle of Sao Vicente, the Siege of Eindhoven, the Battle of Torches, the Battle of Shizugatake, the Battle of Steenbergen, the Conquest of the Azores, and the Battle of Hüls in 1583, the Battle of Terborg, the Siege of Zutphen, the Siege of Ghent, the Battle of Slunj, and the Battle of Komaki and Nagakute in 1584, the Siege of Brussels, the Battle on the Kouwesteinsedijk, the Battle of Amerongen, the Siege of Antwerp, the Invasion of Shikoku, and the Siege of IJsseloord in 1585, the Battle of Santo Domingo, the Battle of Boksum, the Battle of Cartagena de Indias, the Raid on St. Augustine, the Siege of Grave, the Siege of Venlo, the Battle of Pantelleria, the Battle of Zutphen, and the Siege of Zutphen in 1586, the Siege of Sluis, the Battle of Coutras, and the Battle of Vimory in 1587, the Battle of Byczyna, the Siege of Medemblik, the Battle of Gravelines, the Siege of Bonn, and the Siege of Bergen op Zoom in 1588, and the Battle of Arques, the Battle of Zoutkamp, and the Siege of Heusden in 1589.

1590s[edit]

In the 1590s, Hepburn witnessed the Siege of Rheinberg, the Capture of Breda, the Battle of Tondibi, the Battle of Ivry, the Battle of the Strait of Gibraltar, the Siege of Paris, the Siege of Odawara, and the Siege of Shimoda in 1590, the Battle of the Strait of Gibraltar, the Siege of Zutphen, the Siege of Deventer, the Battle of the Berlengas, the Siege of Knodsenburg, the Battle of Bhuchar Mori, the Battle of the Gulf of Almería, the Battle of Flores, the Siege of Hulst, and the Siege of Nijmegen in 1591, the Siege of Rouen, the Battle of Sangju, the Battle of Ch'ungju, the Battle of Okpo, the Battle of Craon, the Siege of Busan, the Siege of Steenwijk, the Battle of Flores, the Battle of Hansan Island, the Siege of Coevorden, the Battle of Busan, the Siege of Jinju, and the Battle of the Bay of Biscay in 1592, the Battle of Byeokjegwan, the Siege of Pyongyang, the Battle of Haengju, the Battle of Blaye, the Battle of Sisak, the Siege of Geertruidenberg, the Siege of Jinju, the Battle of Dryfe Sands, and the Battle of Nong Sa Rai in 1593, the Siege of Coevorden, the Siege of Groningen, the Campaign of Danture, the Battle of Glenlivet, and the Siege of Fort Crozon in 1594, the Siege of Groenlo, the Battle of Călugăreni, the Battle of the Lippe, the Battle of Giurgiu, the Battle of Guadelupe Island, and the Battle of San Juan in 1595, the Battle of Pinos, the Siege of Calais, the Capture of Cadiz, the Battle of Brest, Croatia, and the Battle of Keresztes in 1596, the Battle of Turnhout, the Siege of Amiens, the Siege of Rheinberg, the Battle of Chilcheollyang, the Siege of Namwon, the Siege of Groenlo, the Siege of Bredevoort, and the Battle of Myeongnyang in 1597, the Siege of Ulsan, the Battle of San Juan, the Battle of the Yellow Ford, the Battle of Stångebro, the Siege of Rheinberg, the Battle of Sacheon, the Battle of Noryang Point, and the Battle of Curalaba in 1598, and the Battle of Jenné, the Siege of Schenckenschans, the Siege of Zaltbommel, the Battle of Curlew Pass, the Siege of Rees, the Battle of Șelimbăr, and the Battle of Nakhiduri in 1599.

17th-century battles[edit]

1600s[edit]

In the 1600s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Castro, the Battle of Nieuwpoort, the Battle of Mirăslău, and the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, the Capture of Portobello, the Battle of Wenden, the Battle of Kokenhausen, the Siege of Rheinberg, the Siege of Ostend, the Battle of Guruslău, the Siege of Nagykanizsa, the Battle of Carinish, the Battle at Etzanoa, the Battle of Coire Na Creiche, the Siege of Donegal, the Siege of Wolmar, the Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch, the Naval Battle of Castlehaven, the Naval Battle of Bantam, and the Siege of Kinsale in 1601, the Battle of Morar, the Battle of Kinsale, the Siege of Fellin, the Siege of Weissenstein, the Burning of Dungannon, the Battle of Sesimbra Bay, the Battle of Reval, the Siege of Dunboy, the Siege of Grave, the Battle of the Narrow Seas, and the L'Escalade in 1602, the Battle of Glen Fruin, the Battle of Puerto Caballos, the Battle of Rakvere, the Raid on Santiago de Cuba, the Battle of Sluis, the Battle of Brașov, the Capture of Tabriz, and the Siege of Buda in 1603, the Battle of Urmia, the Battle of Lješkopolje, the Siege of Sluis, the Battle of the Gulf of Cadiz, the Battle of Weissenstein, and the Battle of Novhorod-Siverskyi in 1604, the Battle of Dobrynichi, the Siege of Kromy, the Battle of Kircholm, the Battle of Mülheim, and the Siege of Wachtendonk in 1605, the Battle of Udycz, the Siege of Kandahar, the Battle of Gol, the Battle of Cape Rachado, the Siege of Groenlo, the Siege of Rheinberg, and the Siege of Malacca in 1606, the Battle of Gibraltar, the Battle of Guzów, the Battle of Kozelsk, and the Raid on Bone in 1607, the Battle of Ebenat, the Battle of Bolkhov, the Battle of Kilmacrennan, the Siege of Troitsky monastery, the Capture of Daugavgrīva, the Battle of Zaraysk, and the Battle of Medvezhiy Brod in 1608, and the Siege of Pärnu, the Battle of Salis, the Battle of Kamenka, the Battle of Tashiskari, the Battle of Torzhok, the Battle of Tver, the Iroquois War, the Battle of Kaljazin, the Battle of Daugavgrīva, the Siege of Smolensk, the Battle of Troitsko, and the Battle of Purén in 1609.

1610s[edit]

In the 1610s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Rzjov, the Battle of Sorel, the Battle of Klusina, the Siege of Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra, the Battle of Kluszyn, the Siege of Tsaryovo-Zaymishche, and the Siege of Jülich in 1610, the Siege of Kalmar, the Storming of Kristianopel, the Siege of Smolensk, and the Conquest of Novgorod in 1611, the Battle of Vittsjö, the Battle of Kringen, the Battle of Moscow, the Battle at Surat, the Battle of Swally, and the Battle of Cornul lui Sas in 1612, the Battle of Port Royal, the Siege of Tikhvin, the Siege of Smolensk, and the Battle of Cape Corvo in 1613, the Raid on Żejtun, the Battle of Bronnitsy, the Siege of Aachen, the Battle of Imafuku, the Siege of Osaka, the Battle of Guaxenduba, the Battle of Imafuku, and the Battle of Shigino in 1614, the Siege of Braunschweig, the Cossack raid on Istanbul, the Battle of Asti, the Battle of Kashii, the Battle of Yao, the Battle of Dōmyōji, the Battle of Tennōji, the Battle of Zaule, the Siege of Pskov, the Battle of Oneida, the Battle of Formoso River, the Action off La Goulette, and the Battle of Tsitsamuri in 1615, the Battle of Cape Celidonia, the Battle of Toppur, and the Siege of Vercelli in 1616, the Second Battle of Playa Honda and the The Spanish-Dutch Naval Battle of 1617 Outside Manila Bay in 1617, the Siege of Pilsen, the Battle of Orynin, the Siege of Moscow, the Battle of Lomnice, and the Battle of Mozhaysk in 1618, and the Battle of Sablat, the Battle of Sarhū, the Battle of Wisternitz, the Siege of Batavia castle, and the Battle of Humenné in 1619.

1620s[edit]

In the 1620s, Hepburn witnessed the Cossack raid on Istanbul, the Battle of Cecora, and the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, the Blockade of La Rochelle, the Siege of Saint-Jean-d'Angély, the Siege of Clairac, the Battle of Gibraltar, the Battle of Khotyn, the Siege of Jülich, and the Siege of Montauban in 1621, the Indian massacre of 1622, the Battle of Wiesloch, the Siege of Royan, the Battle of Wimpfen, the Siege of Nègrepelisse, the Battle of Höchst, the Battle of Macau, the Siege of Bergen-op-Zoom, the Siege of Heidelberg, the Siege of Montpellier, the Battle of Fleurus, the Naval battle of Saint-Martin-de-Ré, the Battle of Mbumbi, and the Capture of Hurmuz in 1622, the Battle of Mbanda Kasi, the Battle of Stadtlohn, the Battle of Anjar, and the Capture of Bahia in 1623, the Capture of Baghdad, the Capture of Salvador, the Battle of Martynów, the Battle of Penghu, the Cossack raids on Istanbul, the Siege of Breda, the Action of 3 October 1624, and the Third Battle of Playa Honda in 1624, the Recapture of Bahia, the Battle of Blavet, the Action of 1 February 1625, the Battle of Aghaiani, the Battle of Martqopi, the Relief of Genoa, the Battle of Marabda, the Battle of Elmina, the Battle of San Juan, the Recovery of Ré island, the Cádiz expedition, and the Battle of Martqopi in 1625, the Battle of Wallhof, the Battle of Bauska, the Battle of Ningyuan, the Battle of Dessau Bridge, the Battle at Lenz, the Siege of Steenwijk, the Siege of Oldenzaal, the Battle of Mitau, the Battle of Gniew, the Battle of Selburg, the Battle of Lutter am Berenberge, the Battle of Wenden, and the Battle of Bazaleti in 1626, the Battle of Czarne, the Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré, the Battle of Dirschau, the Siege of Groenlo, the Battle of Oliwa, and the Siege of La Rochelle in 1627, the Tartar raid into Ukraine, the Battle of Treiden, the Siege of Stralsund, the Battle of Danzig, the Weichselmünde 1628, the Action of 17 July 1628, the Siege of Batavia, the Battle of Wolgast, the Battle of Osterode, and the Battle in the Bay of Matanzas in 1628, and the Battle of Treiden, the Battle of Górzno, the Siege of Casale Monferrato, the Siege of Privas, the Battle of St. Kitts, the Siege of Alès, the Battle of Trzciana, and the Battle of Duyon River in 1629.

1630s[edit]

In the 1630s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Piculhue, the Siege of Recife, the Battle of Villabuona, the Battle of Veillane, and the Battle of Randeniwela in 1630, the Battle of La Albarrada, the Battle of Frankfurt an der Oder, the Sack of Baltimore, the Battle of Magdeburg, the Battle of Werben, the Battle of Albrolhos, the Battle of the Slaak, and the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631, the Battle of Rain, the Capture of Maastricht, the Siege of Nuremberg, the Battle of Wiesloch, the Battle of the Alte Veste, the Battle of Castelnaudary, the Siege of Smolensk, and the Battle of Lützen in 1632, the Siege of Rheinberg, the Battle of Liaoluo Bay, and the Battle of Oldendorf in 1633, the Battle of Amritsar, Battle of Nördlingen, the Siege of Maastricht, and the Battle of Strasbourg Bridge in 1634, the Battle of Kartarpur, the Battle of Les Avins, the Siege of Leuven, the Battle of Madou, and the Battle on Christmas Day in 1635, the Siege of Schenkenschans, the Battle of Tornavento, the Battle of Wittstock, and the Siege of Namhan in 1636, the Battle off Lizard Point, the Battle of Elmina, the Siege of Roermond, the Battle of Mombaldone, the Siege of Breda, and the Battle of Kumeyki in 1637, the Battle of Gannoruwa, the Siege of Salvador, the Battle of Zhovnyn, the Battle of Kallo, the Battle of Breisach, the Battle of Getaria, the Siege of Fuenterrabía, the Battle of Vlotho, and the Battle of Goa in 1638, and the Action of 18 February 1639, the Battle of Chemnitz, the Relief of Thionville, the Battle of the Brig of Dee, the Action of 30 September 1639, and the Battle of the Downs in 1639.

1640s[edit]

In the 1640s, Hepburn witnessed the Action of 12-17 January 1640, the Siege of Galle, the Battle of Hulst, the Battle of Cádiz, the Battle of Newburn, the Siege of Turin, and the Battle of Cambrils in 1640, the Battle of Malacca, the Battle of Martorell, the Battle of Montjuïc, the Naval battle of Tarragona, the Battle of Tarragona, the Capture of Luanda, the Battle of Cape St. Vincent, and the Sieges of Aire-sur-la-Lys in 1641, the Siege of São Filipe, the Battle of Montmeló, the Battle of Kilrush, the Battle of Honnecourt, the Battle of Barcelona, the Battle of San Salvador, the Battle of Liscarroll, the Siege of Perpignan, the Battle of Babylon Hill, the Battle of Powick Bridge, the Battle of Lleida, the Battle of Kings Norton, the Battle of Edgehill, the Second Battle of Breitenfeld, the Battle of Aylesbury, the Battle of Brentford, the Battle of Turnham Green, and the Battle of Tadcaster in 1642, the Battle of Braddock Down, the Battle of Leeds, the First Battle of Middlewich, the Battle of Hopton Heath, the Battle of Seacroft Moor, the Battle of Camp Hill, the Battle of Ripple Field, the Battle of Sourton Down, the Battle of Stratton, the Battle of Rocroi, the Battle of Clones, the Battle of Chalgrove Field, the Battle of Adwalton Moor, the Battle of Burton Bridge, the Battle of Lansdowne, the Battle of Roundway Down, the Battle of Gainsborough, the Battle of Portlester, the Battle of Cartagena, the Battle of Aldbourne Chase, the First Battle of Newbury, the Battle of Winceby, the Battle of Tuttlingen, and the Battle of Alton in 1643, the Battle of Kolding, the Battle of Nantwich, the Battle of Ochmatów, the Battle of Boldon Hill, the Battle of Cheriton, the Battle of Selby, the Battle of Lleida, the Battle of Montijo, the Battle of Tipton Green, the Battle of Oswestry, the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the Battle of Marston Moor, the Siege of Lleida, the Battle of Freiburg, the Battle of Tippermuir, the Battle of Lostwithiel, the Battle of Aberdeen, the Second Battle of Newbury, the Battle of Jüterbog, the Battle of Lagoscuro, and the Battle of Fehmarn in 1644, the Battle of Inverlochy, the Battle of Weymouth, the Battle of Jankau, the Battle of Weymouth, the Battle of Herbsthausen, the Battle of Auldearn, the Battle of Naseby, the Battle of Alford, the Second Battle of Nördlingen, the Battle of Tabocas, the Battle of Kilsyth, the Battle of Philiphaugh, and the Siege of Hulst in 1645, the Battle of Bovey Heath, the Battle of Torrington, the Battle of Orbetello, the Battles of La Naval de Manila, the Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold, the Action of 26 May 1646, and the Battle of Benburb in 1646, the Battle of Rhunahaorine Moss, the Battle of Puerto de Cavite, the Battle of Dungan's Hill, the Battle of Triebl, the Battle of Kombi, and the Battle of Knocknanuss in 1647, the First Battle of Guararapes, the Battle of Zhovti Vody Siege of Candia, the Battle of St Fagans, the Battle of Zusmarshausen, the Battle of Korsuń, the Siege of Pembroke, the Battle of Maidstone, the Battle of Prague, the Battle of Starokostiantyniv, the Battle of Preston, the Battle of Lens, the Battle of Pyliavtsi, and the Recapture of Angola in 1648, and the Battle of Mazyr, the Second Battle of Guararapes, the Battle of Focchies, the Battle of Zahal, the Siege of Zbarazh, the First Battle of Loyew, the Battle of Rathmines, the Battle of Zboriv, and the Destruction of Huronia in 1649.

1650s[edit]

In the 1650s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Macroom, the Battle of Carbisdale, the Battle of Tecroghan, the Battle of Scarrifholis, the Battle of Dunbar, the Battle of Meelick Island, the Action of 23 November 1650, and the Battle of Hieton in 1650, the Battle of Krasne, the Battle of Kopychyntsi, the Battle of Knocknaclashy, the Battle of Berestechko, the Second Battle of Loyew, the Action of 10 July 1651, the Battle of Worcester, the Battle of Bila Tserkva, and the Capture of Elizabeth Castle in 1651, the Battle of Bléneau, the Battle of Dover, the Battle of Batih, the Battle of Vezekény, the Battle of Plymouth, the Battle of Elba, the Battle of the Kentish Knock, the Siege of Barcelona, and the Battle of Dungeness in 1652, the Battle of Portland, the Battle of Livorno, the Battle of Leghorn, the Battle of the Gabbard, the Battle of Scheveningen, the Battle of Bordeaux, the Battle of Arronches, and the Battle of Zhvanets in 1653, the Recapture of Recife, the Action of 23 March 1654, the Action of 2 May 1654, the Battle of Perast, the First Battle of the Dardanelles, the Siege of Smolensk, the Battle of Shklow, the Battle of Shepeleviche, and the Battle of Arras in 1654, the Battle of Okhmativ, the Battle of the Severn, the Second Battle of the Dardanelles, the Battle of Ujście, the Battle of Vilnius, the Battle of Sobota, the Battle of Żarnów, the First Battle of Kraków, the Battle of Horodok, the Battle of Nowy Dwór, the Battle of Wojnicz, the Battle of Częstochowa, the Battle of Krosno, and the Siege of Danzig in 1655, the Battle of Radom, the Battle of Gołąb, the Siege of Zamość, the Battle of Jarosław, the Battle of Sandomierz, the Battle of Nisko, the Battle of Warka, the Battle of Kłecko, the Battle of Kcynia, the Battle of Tykocin, the Third Battle of the Dardanelles, the First Battle of Warsaw, the Battle of Valenciennes, the Second Battle of Warsaw, the Siege of Dyneburg, the Storm of Kokenhusen, the Siege of Riga, the Battle of Łowicz, the Battle of Lubrze, the Battle of Cádiz, the Battle of Prostken, the Battle of Filipów, and the Battle of Chojnice in 1656, the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, the Action of 3 May 1657, the Action of 18 May 1657, the Battle of Walk, the Battle of Magierów, the Fourth Battle of the Dardanelles, the Battle of Czarny Ostrów, the Battle of Skałat, the Battle of Ängelholm, the Siege of Kraków, the Battle of Genevadsbro, the Battle of Møn, the Battle of Gdov, the Battle of Hjärtum, the Battle of Kattarp, the Storming of Frederiksodde, and the Battle of Ocho Rios in 1657, the Battle of Tybrind Vig, the March Across the Belts, the Battle of Szkudy, the Battle of Samugarh, the Battle of the Dunes, the Battle of Rio Nuevo, the Battle of Vilanova, the Battle of Verkiai, the Siege of Badajoz, the Battle of the Sound, and the Battle of Kolding in 1658, and the Battle of Khajwa, the Battle at Elvas, the Assault on Copenhagen, the Battle of Myadel, the Battle of Konotop, the Battle of Ebeltoft, the Battle of Grudziądz, the Bakhtrioni uprising, the Battle of Pratapgarh, Battle of Nyborg, and the Battle of Kohlapur in 1659.

1660s[edit]

In the 1660s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Polonka, the Battle of Chudnov, the Siege of Lyakhavichy, the Battle of Lyubar, the Battle of Slobodyshche, the Battle of Basya, the Battle of Pavan Khind, and the Battle of Chakan in 1660, the Battle of Umberkhind, the Action of 27 August 1661, the Siege of Fort Zeelandia, the Battle of Kushliki, and the Battle of Curanilahue in 1661, the Action of 29 September 1662 and the Battle of Zhovnyn in 1662, Battle of Ameixial and the Battle of Köbölkút in 1663, the Siege of Hlukhiv, the Battle of Surat, the Siege of Novi Zrin, the Battle of Stavishche, the Battle of Castelo Rodrigo, the Siege of Léva, the Djidjelli expedition, the Battle of Saint Gotthard, and the Siege of Nitra in 1664, the Action of March 1665, the Battle of Lowestoft, the Battle of Montes Claros, the Battle of Vågen, the Battle of Ambuila, and the Battle of Purandar in 1665, the Four Days' Battle, the Battle of Mątwy, and the St. James's Day Battle in 1666, the Raid on the Medway and the Battle of Podhajce in 1667, and the Battle of Cádiz in 1669.

1670s[edit]

In the 1670s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Mbidizi River and the Battle of Kitombo in 1670, the Battle of Saraighat in 1671, the Battle of Salher, the Action of 12 March 1672, the Battle of Solebay, the Siege of Groenlo, the Battle of Tolhuis, the Siege of Nijmegen, the Battle of Ładyżyn, the Siege of Groningen, the Siege of Kamenets, the Battle of Krasnobród, the Battle of Niemirów, the Battle of Komarno, and the Battle of Kruipin in 1672, the Battle of Saint-Lothain, the First Battle of Schooneveld, the Siege of Maastricht, the Second Battle of Schooneveld, the Battle of Texel, the Battle of Masulipatnam, the Siege of Naarden, the Battle of Khotyn, and the Siege of Bonn in 1673, Siege of Gray, the Battle of Scey-sur-Saône, the Battle of Chariez, the Battle of Ronas Voe, the Siege of Arbois, the Battle of Orgelet, the Siege of Besançon, the Siege of Dole, the Battle of Sinsheim, the Siege of Salins, the Siege of Faucogney, the Battle of Fort Royal, the Battle of Seneffe, the Battle of Entzheim, the Siege of Grave, and the Battle of Mulhouse in 1674, the Battle of Turckheim, the Battle of Stromboli, the Battle of Rathenow, the Battle of Nauen, the Battle of Fehrbellin, the Battle of Salzbach, the Battle of Altenheim, the Battle of Konzer Brücke, the Battle of Lwów, the Battle of Trembowla, the Siege of Wismar, and the Great Swamp Fight in 1675, the Battle of Stromboli, the Battle of Agosta, the Battle of Bornholm, the Battle of Öland, the Battle of Palermo, the Battle of Vänersborg, the Battle of Ystad, the Siege of Landskrona, the vBattle of Hunneberg, the Siege of Kristianstad, the Battle of Halmstad, the Siege of Maastricht, the Siege of Philippsburg, the Battle of Gegodog, the Battle of Żurawno, and the Battle of Lund in 1676, the Siege of Kristianopel, the Action of March 1677, the Siege of Karlshamn, the Siege of Valenciennes, the Battle of Cassel, the Siege of Cambrai, the Battle of Surabaya, the Battle of Møn, the Battle of Malmö, the Battle of Landskrona, the Battle of Køge Bay, the Battle of Marstrand, the Battle of Uddevalla, the Battle of Kokersberg, the Siege of Freiburg, and the Siege of Stettin in 1677, the Battle of Warksow, the Sieges of Oran and Mers El Kébir, the Siege of Ypres, the Battle of Rheinfelden, the Siege of Bohus Fortress, the Battle of Ortenbach, the Siege of Kristianstad, the Battle of Saint Denis, the Siege of Stralsund, and the Capture of Kediri in 1678, and the Battle of Telšiai, the Battle of Bhupalgarh, the Battle of Drumclog, and the Battle of Bothwell Bridge in 1679.

1680s[edit]

In the 1680s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Katole in 1681, the First Bombardment of Algiers, the Battle of Trichinopoly, and the Battle of Kalyan in 1682, the Battle of Vienna, the Battle of Párkány, and the Second Bombardment of Algiers in 1683, the Battle of Vác, the Siege of Visegrád, the First Battle of Buda, and the Siege of Santa Maura in 1684, the Battle of Sedgemoor, the Siege of Bijapur, the Battle on Vrtijeljka, the Battle of Eperjes, and the Battle of Kassa in 1685, the Battle of Buda, the Battle of Bhangani, and the Siege of Pécs in 1686, the Second Battle of Mohács, the Siege of Athens, the Siege of Golconda, and the Crimean campaigns of 1687 and 1689 in 1687, the Third Bombardment of Algiers, the First Siege of Belgrade, the Battle of Bhangani, the Battle of Fort Albany, the Siege of Negroponte, the Siege of Philippsburg, and the Battle of Reading in 1688, and the Capture of Bandon, the Battle of Uerdingen, the Break of Dromore, the Battle of Bantry Bay, the Battle of Killiecrankie, the Battle of Newtownbutler, the Siege of Derry, the Battle of Dunkeld, the Battle of Walcourt, the Battle of Batočina, the Siege of Mainz, the Battle of Niš, the Siege of Bonn, the Battle of Egri Palanka, the Siege of Carrickfergus, the Austrian campaign for Skopje, the Siege of Larache, the Raid on Newry, and the Battle of Raigarh in 1689.

1690s[edit]

In the 1690s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Cavan, the Battle of Cromdale, the Battle of Chedabucto, the Battle of Fleurus, the Battle of the Boyne, the Battle of Beachy Head, the First Siege of Athlone, the Capture of Waterford, the Battle of Zernest, the Battle of Staffarda, the Siege of Limerick, the Battle of Mytilene, the Siege of Cork, the Siege of Jinji, the Second Siege of Belgrade, and the Battle of Quebec in 1690, the Siege of Mons, the Second Siege of Athlone, the Battle of Aughrim, the Battle of La Prairie, the Battle of Slankamen, the Siege of Limerick, the Battle of Leuze, and the Battle of Nadaun in 1691, the Battles of Barfleur and La Hogue, the Battle of Moulouya, the Siege of Namur, the Battle of Steenkerque, and the Battle of Placentia in 1692, the Battle of Lagos, the Battle of Cela de Núñez, the Siege of Oran, the Battle of Neerwinden, and the Battle of Marsaglia in 1693, the Battle of Torroella, the Battle of Texel, the Battle of Hodów, the Battle of Camaret, the Siege of Tunis, and the Battle of Ustechko in 1694, the Battle of the Oinousses Islands, the Battle of Sant Esteve d'en Bas, the Siege of Namur, the Battle of Lugos, and the Azov campaigns in 1695, the Battle of Ch'ich', the Battle of Dogger Bank, the Battle of Ulaş, the Battle of Andros, and the Battle of Cenei in 1696, the Siege of Ath, the Action of 6 July 1697, the Siege of Barcelona, the Battle of Hudson's Bay, and the Battle of Zenta in 1697, the Battle of Podhajce and the Battle of Samothrace in 1698, and the Battle of Satara and the Constantine campaign in 1699.

18th-century battles[edit]

1700s[edit]

In the 1700s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Petschora, the Battle of Chelif, the Battle of Carpi, the Crossing of the Düna, the Battle of Chiari, the Battle of Rauge, the Battle of Tryškiai, the Battle of Khelna, the Battle of Erastfer, and the Second Battle of Anandpur in 1701, the Battle of Cremona, the Battle of Darsūniškis, the Battle of Vilnius, the Siege of Kaiserswerth, the Assault on Nijmegen, the Battle of Klissow, the Battle of Santa Vittoria, the Battle of Hummelshof, the Battle of Luzzara, the Action of August 1702, the Siege of Landau, the Siege of Nöteborg, the Battle of Cádiz, the Battle of Friedlingen, the Battle of Vigo Bay, the Battle of Flint River, the Siege of St. Augustine, the Battle of the Yi, the Battle of Basoli, the Battle of Nirmohgarh, and the First Battle of Chamkaur in 1702, the Battle of Werbicze, the Battle of Saločiai, the Battle of Schmidmühlen, the Battle of Pułtusk, the Siege of Guadeloupe, the Battle of Cap de la Roque, the Siege of Thorn, the Battle of Ekeren, the Battle of Systerbäck, the Battle of Falmouth, the First Battle of Höchstädt, the Battle of Speyerbach, the Battle of Zvolen, and the Battle of Raigarh in 1703, the Raid on Deerfield, the Siege of Wagingera, the Battle of Biskupice, the Landing at Barcelona, the Battle of Koroncó, the Battle of Wesenberg, the Raid on Grand Pré, the Second Battle of Narva, the Battle of Schellenberg, the Battle of Jakobstadt, the Capture of Gibraltar, the Battle of Poznań, the Battle of Blenheim, the Battle of Málaga, the Storming of Lemberg, the Battle of Poniec, the Battle of Sarsa, and the Battle of Torna in 1704, the Siege of Colonia del Sacramento, the Battle of Cabrita Point, the Siege of Gibraltar, the Battle of Elixheim, the Battle of Gemauerthof, the Battle on the Congost, the Battle of Warsaw, the Battle of Cassano, the First Battle of Hogland, the Battle of Montjuïc, the Battle of Praga, the Siege of Barcelona, the Battle of Zsibó, the Battle of Chamkaur, the Battle of Saint Gotthard, the Sendling's night of murder, and the Battle of Muktsar in 1705, the Siege of Nice, the First Battle of Grodno, the Battle of Fraustadt, the Battle of Valkininkai, the Siege of Barcelona, the Battle of Calcinato, the Battle of Kletsk, the Battle of Ramilles, the Siege of Ostend, the Battle of Murcia, the Battle of Turin, the Battle of Castiglione, the Battle of El Albujón, the Lefebvre's Charles Town expedition, the Battle of Kalisz, and the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in 1706, the Battle of Biniatap, the Battle of Almansa, the Action of 2 May 1707, the Siege of Xàtiva, the Siege of Toulon, the Siege of Port Royal, the Battle at The Lizard, the Siege of Oran, and the Siege of Pensacola in 1707, the Second Battle of Grodno, the Wager's Action, the Battle of Holowczyn, the Battle of Oudenarde, the Battle of Trenčín, the Battle of the Neva, the Raid on Haverhill, the Battle of Malatitze, the Battle of Rajovka, the Battle of Koporye, the Battle of Lesnaya, the Battle of Wijnendale, the Evacuation of Kolkanpää, the Sack of Baturyn, the Battle of Desna, the Battle of Koniecpol, the Siege of Lille, the Siege of Veprik, and the Laghouat Expedition in 1708, and the Battle of St. John's, the Battle of Oposhnya, the Battle of Krasnokutsk–Gorodnoye, the Battle of São Salvador, the Battle of Sokolki, the Siege of Alicante, the Battle of La Gudiña, the Battle of Fort Albany, the Battle of Poltava, the Surrender at Perevolochna, the Battle of Malplaquet, the Battle of Samana, and the Battle of Sonipat in 1709.

1710s[edit]

In the 1710s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Helsingborg, the Siege of Viborg, the Battle of Chappar Chiri, the Siege of Sirhind, the Capitulation of Estonia and Livonia, the Battle of Almenar, the Battle of Saragossa, the First Battle of Rio de Janeiro, the Battle of Køge Bay, the Battle of Rahon, the Siege of Port Royal, the Battle of Syracuse, the Battle of Brihuega, the Battle of Villaviciosa, the Battle of Lohgarh, the Pruth River campaign, the Battle of Sadhaura, and the Battle of Jalalabad in 1710, the Battle of Ain Dara, the First Battle of Bloody Creek, the Capture of the galleon San Joaquin, the Quebec Expedition, the Siege of Bouchain, the Battle of Rio de Janeiro, the Battle of Wismar, and the Siege of Stralsund in 1711, the Cassard expedition, the Battle of Jammu, the Battle of Fladstrand, the Battle of Denain, and the Battle of Gadebusch in 1712, the Skirmish at Bender, the Battle of Fort Neoheroka, the Battle of Torredembarra, the Second Battle of Hogland, the Siege of Landau, the Battle of Pälkäne, and the Second Battle of Tönning in 1713, the Battle of Arbúcies, the Battle of Balsareny, the Battle of La Gleva, the Naval battle of Barcelona, the Battle of Napue, the Battle of Storkyro, the Battle of Manresa, the Battle of Gangut, the Battle of Talamanca, and the Siege of Barcelona in 1714, the Battle of Gurdas Nangal, the Battle of Fehmarn, the Battle of Pilsud, the Battle of Rügen, the Skirmish of Dunfermline, the Skirmish of Alness, the Battle of Preston, the Battle of Sheriffmuir, the Battle of Stresow, and the Siege of Gurdaspur in 1715, the Battle of Høland, the Battle of Dynekilen, the Action of 8 July 1716, and the Battle of Petrovaradin in 1716, the Battle of Trnjine, the Battles at Göta Älv, the Battle of Gothenburg, the Battle of Imbros, the Battle of Strömstad, the Battle of Matapan, the Siege of Belgrade, the Spanish conquest of Sardinia, and the Omani invasion of Bahrain in 1717, the Siege of Charlestown, the Battle of Cape Passaro, the Battle of Cape Fear River, the Battle of the Salween River, the Battle of Milazzo, the Siege of Fredriksten, and the Carolean Death in 1718, and the Capture of Eilean Donan Castle, the Capture of Pensacola, the Battle of Ösel Island, the Battle of Glen Shiel, the Battle of Francavilla, the Attack on Marstrand, the Battle of Stäket, the Siege of San Sebastián, the Capture of Vigo, and the Battle of Cape St. Vincent in 1719.

1720s[edit]

In the 1720s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Nassau, the Villasur expedition, the Battle of Grengam, and the Chinese expedition to Tibet in 1720, the Attingal Outbreak, the Sack of Shamakhi, the Battle of Fatehpur Sikri, the Battle of Glen Affric, and the Battle of Coille Bhan in 1721, the Battle of Cape Lopez, the Battle of Gulnabad, the Siege of Isfahan, the Battle of Winnepang, and the Peter the Great's capture of Rasht in 1722, the Capture of the schooner Fancy in 1723, the Battle of Norridgewock and the Battle of Shakar Kheda in 1724, the Battle of Pequawket in 1725, the Blockade of Porto Bello in 1726, the Thirteenth siege of Gibraltar, the Battle of Halidzor, the Action of 11 March 1727, and the Battle of Sangan in 1727, the Battle of Palkhed in 1728, and the Battle of Bundelkhand, the Herat Campaign of 1729, the Battle of Kafer Qal'eh, the Battle of Herat, the Battle of Damghan, the Battle of Khwar Pass, the Battle of Murche-Khort, the Liberation of Isfahan, and the Natchez revolt in 1729.

1730s[edit]

In the 1730s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Zarghan and the Patrona Halil Rebellion in 1730, the Herat Campaign of 1731, the Samba rebellion, the Ta-Chia-hsi revolt, and the Tahmasp's campaign of 1731 in 1731, the Spanish conquest of Oran, the Battle of Mandsaur, and the Nader's Mesopotamian Campaign in 1732, the Battle of Samarra, the Siege of Kehl, the Battle of Kirkuk, the Siege of Pizzighettone, and the 1733 slave insurrection on St. John in 1733, the Siege of Danzig, the Siege of Gaeta, the Siege of Trarbach, the Siege of Capua, the Battle of Bitonto, the Battle of Colorno, the Siege of Philippsburg, the Battle of San Pietro, and the Battle of Guastalla in 1734, the Battle of Yeghevārd and the Battle of Clausen in 1735, the Siege of Perekop in 1736, the Siege of Kandahar, the Siege of Ochakov, the Battle of Banja Luka, and the Battle of Bhopal in 1737, the Battle of the Dindar River and the Battle of Khyber Pass in 1738, and the Battle of Vasai, the Battle of Karnal, the Battle of Grocka, the Capture of Belgrade, the Battle of Stavuchany, the Stono Rebellion, and the Battle of Porto Bello in 1739.

1740s[edit]

In the 1740s, Hepburn witnessed the Action of 8 April 1740, the First Battle of Giria, the Siege of St. Augustine, the Siege of Fort Mose, and the Attacks on Fuerteventura in 1740 in 1740, the First Siege of Trichinopolly, the Battle of Cartagena de Indias, the Battle of Mollwitz, the Battle of Gangwana, the Invasion of Cuba, the Battle of Colachel, the Battle of Villmanstrand, the Battle of Prague, and the Battle of St. Pölten in 1741, the Battle of Schärding, the Battle of Chotusitz, the Battle of Sahay, the Action of 14 June 1742, the Siege of Prague, the Invasion of Georgia, the Battle of Bloody Marsh, the Battle of Gully Hole Creek, the First Battle of Katwa, and the Battle of Galudoghson in 1742, the Battle of Campo Santo, the Battle of La Guaira, the Second Siege of Trichinopoly, the Battle of Puerto Cabello, the Battle of Simbach, the Fourth Dalecarlian rebellion, the Battle of Dettingen, the Siege of Mosul, and the Battle of Casteldelfino in 1743, the Moḥammad Taqi Khan Shirazi's Rebellion, the Battle of Toulon, the Siege of Villafranca, the Battle of Villafranca, the Action of 8 May 1744, the Raid on Canso, the First Siege of Annapolis Royal, the Battle of Casteldelfino, the Battle of Velletri, the Battle of Nuwakot, the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo, and the Battle of Belkot in 1744, the Battle of Pfaffenhofen, the Second Siege of Annapolis Royal, the Battle of Fontenoy, the Siege of Louisbourg, the Capture of Vigilant, the Battle of Anguilla, the Battle of Hohenfriedberg, the Siege of Tournai, the Naval battle off Tatamagouche, the Battle of Melle, the Fall of Ghent, the Highbridge Skirmish, the Battle of Kars, the Siege of Ostend, the First Siege of Ruthven Barracks, the Battle of Prestonpans, the Battle of Bassignano, the Battle of Soor, the Battle of Joseau, the Siege of Culloden House, the First Siege of Carlisle, the Battle of Hennersdorf, the Raid on Saratoga, the Battle of Kesselsdorf, the Clifton Moor Skirmish, the Second Siege of Carlisle, the Battle of Inverurie, the Second Battle of Katwa, and the First Siege of Fort in 1745, the Battle of Falkirk, the Siege of Stirling Castle, the Siege of Brussels, the Second Siege of Ruthven Barracks, the Siege of Inverness, the Second Siege of Fort Augustus, the Atholl raids, the Siege of Blair Castle, the Skirmish of Keith, the Battle of Dornoch, the Siege of Fort William, the Skirmish of Tongue, the Battle of Littleferry, the Battle of Culloden Moor, the Skirmish of Loch nan Uamh, the Skirmish of Loch Ailort, the Skirmish of Arisaig, the Raids on Lochaber and Shiramore, the Battle at Port-la-Joye, the Battle of Piacenza, the Action of 6 July 1746, the Battle on the Tidone, the Battle of Rottofreddo, the Siege of Fort Massachusetts, the Battle of Madras, the Raid on Lorient, the Battle of Rocoux, the Battle of Adyar, the Siege of Antibes, and the First Austro-Sardinian Siege of Genoa in 1746, the Battle of Grand Pré, the Battle of Rajamahal, the Battle of Burdwan, the Siege of Fort at Number 4, the First Battle of Cape Finisterre, the Battle of Lauffeld, the Battle of Assietta, the Voyage of the Glorioso, the Siege of Bergen op Zoom, the Raid on Matina, the Second Battle of Cape Finisterre, and the Second Austro-Sardinian Siege of Genoa in 1747, the Action of 31 January 1748, the Battle of Manupur, the Action of 18 March 1748, the Battle of Saint-Louis-du-Sud, the Battle of Santiago de Cuba, the Siege of Maastricht, the Siege of Cuddalore, the Battle of Bagru, the Siege of Pondicherry, the Raid on Brunswick Town, and the Battle of Havana in 1748, and the 1749 Muslim slave revolt in Malta, the Battle of Ambur, the First Raid on Dartmouth, the Battle of Penfui, and the Siege of Grand Pré in 1749.

1750s[edit]

In the 1750s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle at St. Croix, the Battle at Chignecto, and the Battle of Kathio in 1750, the Second Raid on Dartmouth, the Battle of Kirkhbulakh, the Third Siege of Trichinopoly, the Action of 28 November 1751, and the Battle of Arnee in 1751, the Battle of Lahore, the Battle of Chingleput, and the Naval Battle of Calicut in 1752, the Attack at Mocodome, the Capture of Delhi, the Battle of Seringham, the Attack at Jeddore, and the Battle of Golden Rock in 1753, the Battle of Kumher, the Battle of Jumonville Glen, and the Battle of Fort Necessity in 1754, the Braddock Expedition, the Battle of Fort Beauséjour, the Action of 8 June 1755, the Battle of the Monongahela Valley, the Battle of Petitcodiac, the Battle of Lake George, the Battle of Čevo, and the Battle of Taliwa in 1755, the Guaraní War, the Battle of Fort Bull, the Battle of the Trough, the Battle of Sideling Hill, the Battle of Great Cacapon, the Siege of Fort St Philip, the Raid on Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, the Battle of Minorca, the Battle of Fort Oswego, the Kittanning Expedition, the Siege of Pirna, the Battle of Lobositz, and the Siege of Calcutta in 1756, the Battle of Narela, the First Battle on Snowshoes, the Battle of Bobbili, the Battle of Chandannagar, the Battle of Reichenberg, the Siege of Fort William Henry, the Battle of Prague, the Battle of Kolín, the Battle of Plassey, the Invasion of Hanover, the Battle of Sabbath Day Point, the Battle of Hastenbeck, the Mysore's campaigns against the states of Malabar, the Battle of Delhi, the Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf, the Battle of Moys, the Raid on Berlin, the Battle of Cap-Français, the Battle of Rossbach, the Battle of Amritsar, the Attack on German Flatts, the First Battle of Breslau, the Battle of Leuthen, the Second Battle of Breslau, the Battle of Bloody Creek, the Battle of Khresili, the Blockade of Stralsund, and the Maratha conquest of North-west India in 1757, the Battle of Cartagena, the Second Battle on Snowshoes, the Battle of Cuddalore, the Action of 29 April 1758, the British capture of Senegal, the Raid on St Malo, the Battle of Louisbourg, the Battle of Cape Palos, the Battle of Rheinberg, the Battle of Peshawar, the Battle of Krefeld, the Battle of Domstadtl, the Petitcodiac River campaign, the Battle of Bernetz Brook, the Battle of Carillon, the Battle of Negapatam, the Raid on Cherbourg, the Battle of Zorndorf, the Battle of Fort Frontenac, the Battle of Saint Cast, the Battle of Fort Duquesne, the Battle of Tornow, the Battle of Fehrbellin, the Cape Sable campaign, the First Siege of Kolberg, the First Battle of Lutterberg, the Battle of Fort Ligonier, the Battle of Hochkirch, the Battle of Condore, the Capture of Gorée, and the Siege of Madras in 1758, the Invasion of Guadeloupe, the Battle of Río Bueno, the Siege of Masulipatam, the Battle of Bergen, the Battle of Peterswalde, the Raid on Le Havre, the Battle of Fort Niagara, the Battle of Kay, the Battle of La Belle-Famille, the Battle of Ticonderoga, the Battle of Beauport, the Battle of Minden, the Battle of Kunersdorf, the Battle of Lagos, the Battle of Lahore, the Battle of Pondicherry, the Battle of Frisches Haff, the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the Battle of Hoyerswerda, the Gulf of St. Lawrence campaign, the St. Francis Raid, the Ile Saint-Jean campaign, the Battle of Chinsurah, the Battle of Güstow, the Battle of Quiberon Bay, the Battle of Maxen, the Battle of Meissen, and the Battle of Kakkor in 1759.

1760s[edit]

In the 1760s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Wandiwash, the Battle of Carrickfergus, the Siege of Fort Loudoun, the Battle of Bishops Court, the Battle of Neustadt, and Tacky's War, the Battle of Sainte-Foy, the Battle of Pointe-aux-Trembles, the Siege of Glatz, the Sainte-Thérèse Raid, the Battle of Landeshut, the Battle of Echoee, the Battle of Restigouche, the Battle of Corbach, the Siege of Dresden, the Battle of Emsdorf, the Battle of Warburg, the Battle of Liegnitz, the Battle of the Thousand Islands, the Battle of Strehla, the Second Siege of Kolberg, the Siege of Pondicherry, the Battle of Pasewalk, the Raid on Berlin, the Battle of Kloster Kampen, the Battle of the Windward Passage, and the Battle of Torgau in 1760, the Third Battle of Panipat, the Battle of Langensalza, the Battle of Grünberg, the First Siege of Cassel, the Capture of Belle Île, the Capture of Agra, the Invasion of Dominica, the Action of 17 July 1761, the Battle of Villinghausen, the Battle of Cape Finisterre, the Third Siege of Kolberg, the First Battle of Sialkot, the Battle of Neuensund, the Battle of Gujranwala, the Battle of Ölper, and the Siege of Lahore in 1761, the Battle of Neukalen, the Invasion of Martinique, the Battle of Kup, the Spanish invasion of Portugal, the Action of 31 May 1762, the Battle of Harnaulgarh, the Siege of Havana, the Battle of Wilhelmsthal, the Second Battle of Lutterberg, the Battle of Burkersdorf, the Battle for the Río San Juan de Nicaragua, the Siege of Schweidnitz, the First Battle of Makwanpur, the Siege of Almeida, the Battle of Valencia de Alcántara, the Battle of Nauheim, the First Cevallos expedition, the Battle of Signal Hill, the Battle of Manila, the Battle of Vila Velha, the Battle of Freiberg, the Action of 30 October 1762, the Second Siege of Cassel, the Battle of Marvão, and the Battle of Alegaon in 1762, the Second Battle of Makwanpur, the Berbice slave uprising, the Siege of Fort Detroit, the Battle of Point Pelee, the Siege of Fort Pitt, the Third Battle of Katwa, the Battle of Bloody Run, the Battle of Bushy Run, the Battle of Rakshasbhuvan, the Battle of Devil's Hole, and the Battle of Thrissur in 1763, the Battle of Sirhind, the Battle of Buxar, the Battle of Delhi, and the Battle of Atakpamé in 1764, the Strilekrigen, and the Larache expedition in 1765, the Esquilache Riots, the Monghyr Mutiny, and the Mapuche uprising of 1766 in 1766, the Battle of Tiruvannamalai, the Battle of Sindhuli, the Siege of Ambur, the Battle of Maonda and Mandholi, the Battle of Goteik Gorge, the Battle of Kirtipur, and the Battle of Bang Rajan in 1767, the Battle of Kama, the Battle of Maymyo, the Battle of Ooscota, the Battle of Borgo, the Battle of Kathmandu, the Battle of Lalitpur, and the Louisiana Rebellion of 1768 in 1768, the Battle of Ponte Novu, the Siege of Tanjore, the Moamoria rebellion, and the Battle of Faggeta in 1769.

1770s[edit]

In the 1770s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Golden Hill, the Battle of Błonie, the Battle of Nauplia, the Capture of Port Egmont, the Battle of Chesme, the Battle of Larga, the Battle of Kagul, the Battle of Aspindza, the First invasion of Mani, the Battle of Vromopigada in 1770, the Battle at the Yadkin River, the Battle of Alamance, the Battles of Lanckorona, the Three battles of Sarbakusa, the Battle of Lake Huleh, the Battle of Stołowicze, the Capture of Delhi in 1771, the First Russian bombardment of Beirut, the Capture of Fort Boekoe, the Battle of Patras in 1772, the Action of 4 July 1773, the Second Russian bombardment of Beirut, the Action of 3 September 1773, the Siege of Orenburg, in 1773, the Siege of Yaits Fortress, the Battle of Tatishcheva, the Battle of Miranpur Katra, the Battle of Kozludzha, the Battle of Kerch Strait, the Battle of Kazan, the Battle of Tsaritsyn, the Battle of Point Pleasant, the Siege of Melilla in 1774, the Battle of Pachgaon, the Battle of Lexington and Concord, the Thompson's War, the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga, the Battle off Fairhaven, the Battle of Chelsea Creek, the Battle of Machias, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the Battle of Mandan, the Invasion of Algiers, the Battle of Gloucester, the Siege of Fort St. Jean, the Raid on St. John, the Rising of the Priests, the Battle of Longue Pointe, the Burning of Falmouth, the Battle of Kemp's Landing, the Raid on Charlottetown, the Siege of Savage's Old Fields, the Raid on Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, the Battle of Great Bridge, the Battle of Great Cane Break, the Battle of Quebec in 1775, the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, the Battle of the Rice Boats, the Raid of Nassau, the Battle of Saint-Pierre, the Battle of Block Island, the Battle of The Cedars, the Battle of Trois-Rivières, the Battle of Sullivan's Island, the Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet, the First Battle of Terrenate, the Battle of Gwynn's Island, the Battle of Lindley's Fort, the Battle of Long Island, the Landing at Kip's Bay, the Battle of Harlem Heights, the Raid on Canso, the Battle of Valcour Island, the Rutherford Light Horse expedition, the Battle of Pell's Point, the Battle of Mamaroneck, the Battle of White Plains, the Battle of Fort Cumberland, the Ambush of Geary, the Battle of Maonda and Mandholi, the Battle of Iron Works Hill, the Battle of Trenton in 1776, the Battle of the Assunpink Creek, the Battle of Princeton, the Battle of Millstone, the Forage War, the Battle of Punk Hill, the Battle off Yarmouth, the Battle of Bound Brook, the Battle of Ridgefield, the Battle of Thomas Creek, the Meigs Raid, the Battle of Short Hills, the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga, the Battle of Hubbardton, the Battle of Fort Anne, the Capture of USS Hancock, the Battle of Oriskany, the Battle of Machias, the Battle of Bennington, the Battle of Staten Island, the Battle of Setauket, the Battle of Cooch's Bridge, the Battle of Brandywine, the Battle of the Clouds, the Battle of 1st Saratoga, the Battle of Paoli, the Battle of Germantown, the Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery, the Battle of 2nd Saratoga, the Battle of Red Bank, the Battle of Gloucester, the Battle of White Marsh, the Battle of Matson's Ford, the Battle of Stillwater, the Battle of Saunshi in 1777, the Battle off Barbados, the Battle of Quinton's Bridge, the Frederica naval action, the Battle off Liverpool, Nova Scotia, the North Channel Naval Duel, the Battle of Crooked Billet, the Battle of Barren Hill, the Mount Hope Bay raids, the Battle of Cobleskill, the Battle of Wyoming, the Action of 17 June 1778, the Battle of Monmouth, the Battle of Alligator Bridge, the First Battle of Ushant, the Battle of Rhode Island, the Grey's raid, the Invasion of Dominica, the Attack on German Flatts, the Battle of Edgar's Lane, the Raid on Unadilla and Onaquaga, the Battle of Chestnut Neck, the Affair at Little Egg Harbor, the Action of 20 October 1778, the Carleton's Raid, the Battle of St. Lucia, the Capture of St. Lucia, the Capture of Savannah, the Battle of Ghartiskari in 1778, the Battle of Wadgaon, the Battle of Beaufort, the Battle of Van Creek, the Battle of Kettle Creek, the Battle of Kealakekua Bay, the Battle of Vincennes, the Battle of Brier Creek, the Invasion of Jersey, the Chesapeake raid, the Action of 13 May 1779, the Battle of Chillicothe, the Capture of Saint Vincent, the Battle of Stono Ferry, the Great Siege of Gibraltar, the Battle of Khatu Shyamji, the Capture of Grenada, the Tryon's raid, the Battle of Grenada, the Battle of Norwalk, the Battle of Stony Point, the Battle of Minisink, the Penobscot Expedition, the Battle of Paulus Hook, the Battle of Newtown, the Battle of Fort Bute, the Battle of Lake Pontchartrain, the Action of 11 September 1779, the Boyd and Parker ambush, the Action of 14 September 1779, the Capture of Cayo Cocina, the Siege of Savannah, the Battle of Baton Rouge, the Capture of Fort New Richmond, the Battle of Flamborough Head, the Second Battle of Ushant, the Battle of San Fernando de Omoa, the Action of 11 November 1779, the Action of 20 November 1779, the First Battle of Tucson, the Action of 12 December 1779, the Battle of Martinique, the Battle of Guadeloupe, the Battle of Rohtas, the Capture of Río Hondo, and the Sullivan Expedition in 1779.

1780s[edit]

In the 1780s, Hepburn witnessed the Action of 8 January 1780, the Battle of Cape St. Vincent, the Raid on Elizabethtown and Newark, the Battle of Young's House, the Action of 24 February 1780, the Battle of Fort Charlotte, the San Juan Expedition, the Siege of Charleston, the Battle of Monck's Corner, the Battle of Martinique, the Battle of Lenud's Ferry, the Siege of Charleston, the Bird's invasion of Kentucky, the Battle of Saint Louis, the Battle of Waxhaws, the Action of 7 June 1780, the Battle of Connecticut Farms, the Battle of Mobley's Meeting House, the Action of 15 June 1780, the Battle of Ramsour's Mill, the Battle of Springfield, the First Battle off Halifax, the Battle of Bull's Ferry, the Battle of Colson's Mill, the Battle of Rocky Mount, the Battle of Hanging Rock, the Battle of Piqua, the Action of 9 August 1780, the Third Battle of Ushant, the Action of 13 August 1780, the Battle of Camden, the Battle of Fishing Creek, the Battle of Musgrove Mill, the Battle of Pollilur, the Battle of Black Mingo, the Battle of Wahab's Plantation, the Battle of Charlotte, the Action of 30 September 1780, the Battle of King's Mountain, the Battle of Shallow Ford, the Royalton raid, the Battle of Klock's Field, the Battle of Tearcoat Swamp, the Battle of Fishdam Ford, the Battle of Sangarará, the Battle of Blackstock's Farm, the Battle of Fort St. George, and the Siege of Kastania in 1780, the Raid on Richmond, the Action of 4 January 1781, the Battle of Jersey, the Battle of Mobile, the Battle of Cowpens, the Battle of Cowan's Ford, the Battle of Torrence's Tavern, the Capture of Sint Eustatius, the Action of 4 February 1781, the Raid on Essequibo and Demerara, the Action of 25 February 1781, the Battle of Wetzell's Mill, the Skirmish at Waters Creek, the Battle of Pensacola, the Battle of Guilford Court House, the Battle of Cape Henry, the Revolt of the Comuneros, the Capture of HMS St. Fermin, the Brodhead's Coshocton expedition, the Battle of Porto Praya, the Battle of Blandford, the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, the Battle of Fort Royal, the Action of 1 May 1781, the Battle of Pine's Bridge, the Battle of Blomindon, the Siege of Augusta, the Invasion of Tobago, the Action of 30 May 1781, the Battle of Spencer's Ordinary, the Battle of Porto Novo, the Battle of Green Spring, the Francisco's Fight, the Action of 21 July 1781, the Battle of Saldanha Bay, the Battle of the House in the Horseshoe, the Battle of Dogger Bank, the Invasion of Minorca, the Battle of Pollilur, the Raid on Annapolis Royal, the Action of 2 September 1781, the Battle of the Chesapeake, the Battle of Groton Heights, the Capture of HMS Savage, the Battle of Eutaw Springs, the Battle of Lindley's Mill, the Battle of Sholinghur, the Battle of Yorktown, the Battle of Fort Slongo, the Siege of Negapatam, the Battle of Johnstown, the Fourth Battle of Ushant, the Shirley's Gold Coast expedition, and the Jahriyya revolt in 1781, the Battle of Videau's Bridge, the Capture of Trincomalee, the Action of 15 January 1782, the Siege of Brimstone Hill, the Capture of Demerara and Essequibo, the Battle of St. Kitts, the Battle of Sadras, the Battle of Fort Elmina, the Battle of Wambaw, the Battle of Wuchale, the Battle of Roatán, the Action of 16 March 1782, the Battle of Little Mountain, the Battle of Delaware Bay, the Battle of the Saintes, the Battle of Providien, the Battle of the Black River, the Battle of the Monongahela, the Fifth Battle of Ushant, the Second Battle of Tucson, the First Capture of the Bahamas, the Crawford expedition, the Battle off Halifax, the Raid on Chester, Nova Scotia, the Raid on Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, the Battle of Negapatam, the Action of 29 July 1782, the Battle of Mokuohai, the Hudson Bay expedition, the Action of 12 August 1782, the Battle of Blue Licks, the Battle of the Combahee River, the Battle of Trincomalee, the Action of 4 September 1782, the Action of 5 September 1782, the Action of 10 September 1782, the Second Siege of Fort Henry, the Action of 15 September 1782, the Action of 18 October 1782, the Battle of Cape Spartel, the Battle of Chillicothe, the Battle of James Island, the Battle of Kedges Strait, the Action of 6 December 1782, the Action of 12 December 1782, the Muharram Rebellion, and the Battle of the Delaware Capes in 1882, the Action of 2 January 1783, the Action of 22 January 1783, the Action of 15 February 1783, the Action of 17 February 1783, the Battle of Grand Turk, the Battle of Delhi, the Kuban Nogai uprising, the Capture of the Bahamas, the Battle of Arkansas Post, the Battle of Cuddalore, the Bani Utbah invasion of Bahrain, the Bombardment of Algiers, and the Battle of Halani in 1783, the Fourth Battle of Tucson, the Battle of the Catalina River, the Bombardment of Sousse, the Bombardment of Algiers, the Kettle War, the Revolt of Horea, Cloșca and Crișan, and the Oman–Zanzibar war in 1784, the Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút and the Battle of the Sunja in 1785, the Battle of the Embarras River, the Shays' Rebellion, the Revolt of Radharam, and the Logan's raid in 1786, the Battle of Jutphaas, the Prussian invasion of Holland, the Battle of Jilehoy, the Battle of Kinburn, the Battle of Lalsot, and the Abaco Slave Revolt in 1787, the Naval actions at the Siege of Ochakov, the Siege of Ochakov, the Battle of the Pinal Mountains, the Battle of Madab, the Battle of Fidonisi, the Battle of Karánsebes, the Battle of Kvistrum, and the Battle of Chaksana in 1788, and the Battle of Ngọc Hồi-Đống Đa, the Menashi–Kunashir rebellion, theBattle of Porrassalmi, the Battle of Uttismalm, the Storming of the Bastille, the Battle of Kaipiais, the Battle of Parkumäki, the Battle of Öland, the Battle of Focșani, the First Battle of Svensksund, the Siege of Belgrade, the Battle of Rymnik, the Battle of Elgsö, the Battle of Turnhout, the Four Days of Ghent, and the Battle of Nedumkotta in 1789.

1790s[edit]

In the 1790s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Valkeala, the Battle of Pardakoski–Kärnakoski, the Battle of Reval, the Battle of Fredrikshamn, the Battle of Andros, the Battle of Keltis, the Battle of Savitaipal, the Battle of Kronstadt, the Battle of Uransari, the Battle of Patan, the Relief of Cetingrad, the Second Battle of Svensksund, the Battle of Björkösund, the Battle of Vyborg Bay, the Battle of Kaipiais, the Battle of Kerch Strait, the Saxon Peasants' Revolt, the Battle of Tendra, theBattle of Merta, the Battle of Sittimungulum, the Siege of Darwar, the Battle of Falmagne, the Siege of Ceuta, the Battle of Fort Wayne, the Siege of Koppal, the Battle of Calicut, the Battle of Tirurangadi, the Capture of Cannanore, the Siege of Izmail, the Battles of East Hawai'i, and the Battle of Kepaniwai in 1790, the Siege of Bangalore, the Battle of Arakere, the Siege of Coimbatore, the Battle of Măcin, the Battle of Kenapacomaqua, the Battle of Cape Kaliakra, the Battle of Kawaihae, the 1791 slave rebellion, the Battle of the Wabash, the Battle of Tellicherry, the Capture of Hooly Honore, and the Capture of Shimoga in 1791, the Siege of Seringapatam, the Battle of Croix-des-Bouquets, the First Battle of Quiévrain, the Capture of Porrentruy, the Battle of Marquain, the Second Battle of Quiévrain, the Battle of Opsa, the Battle of Mir, the Battle of Boruszkowce, the Battle of Zieleńce, the Battle of Cap-Français, the Battle of Dubienka, the Battle of Verdun, the Siege of Thionville, the Battle of Valmy, the Siege of Lille, the First Siege of Mainz, the Battle of Jemappes, the Battle of Limburg, the Battle of Anderlecht, the French expedition to Sardinia, and the Capture of the Rif in 1792, the Childers Incident, the Battle of Morne Pelé, the Battle of La Tannerie, the First Battle of Aldenhoven, the Siege of Maastricht, the Battle of Saint-Florent-le-Vieil, the Battle of Jallais, the First Battle of Cholet, the Battle of Coron, the Battle of Neerwinden, the Battle of Pont-Charrault, the Battle of Les Sables-d'Olonne, the Siege of Condé, the Battle of Chemillé, the Siege of Port-au-Prince, the Battle of Aubiers, the Second Siege of Mainz, the Battle of Vezins, the Battle of Céret, the Battle of Beaupréau, the Battle of Thouars, the Battle of Raismes, the Battle of La Châtaigneraie, the Battle of Palluau, the Battle of Mas Deu, the Battle of Famars, the Battle of Fontenay-le-Comte, the Siege of Valenciennes, the Battle of Veurne, the Battle of Doué, the First Battle of Saorgio, the Battle of Montreuil-Bellay, the First Battle of Arlon, the Battle of Machecoul, the Battle of Saumur, the Action of 18 June 1793, the Battle of Cap-Français, the Battle of Nantes, the First Battle of Châtillon, the Battle of Brécourt, the Battle of Martigné-Briand, the Battle of Perpignan, the Battle of Vihiers, the Battle of Luçon, the Action of 31 July 1793, the Siege of Pondicherry, the Battle of Caesar's Camp, the Siege of Lyon, the Battle of Luçon, the Battle of Lincelles, the Siege of Landau, the Siege of Dunkirk, the Siege of Le Quesnoy, the Siege of Toulon, the Battle of Chantonnay, the Battle of Hondschoote, the Battle of Port-Saint-Père, the Battle of Avesnes-le-Sec, the Battle of Menin, the Battle of Méribel, the Battle of Pirmasens, the Battle of Vrines, the Battle of Epierre, the First Battle of Courtrai, the Battle of Montaigu, the Battle of Peyrestortes, the Battle of Coron, the Battle of Tiffauges, the Battle of Pont-Barré, the Battle of Marmelade, the Battle of Montaigu, the Battle of Saint-Fulgent, the Battle of Pallet, the Battle of Truillas, the Siege of Maubeuge, the Raid on Genoa, the Battle of Moulin-aux-Chèvres Forest, the Second Battle of Châtillon, the First Battle of Noirmoutier, the First Battle of Wissembourg, the Battle of Boulou, the Siege of Fort-Louis, the Battle of La Tremblaye, the Battle of Wattignies, the Second Battle of Cholet, the Battle of Gilette, the Action of 20 October 1793, the Action of 22 October 1793, the Battle of Laval, the Action of 24 October 1793, the Battle of Croix-Bataille, the Battle of Entrames, the Battle of Veurne, the Battle of Ernée, the Battle of Fougères, the Battle of Granville, the Battle of Biesingen, the Battle of Pontorson, the Battle of Haguenau, the Battle of Dol, the Battle of Port-Saint-Père, the First Battle of Kaiserslautern, the Battle of Berstheim, the Siege of Angers, the Battle of La Flèche, the Battle of Pontlieue, the Battle of Le Mans, the Battle of Froeschwiller, the Battle of Collioure, the Battle of Woerth, the Battle of Savenay, the Battle of Geisberg, and the Second Battle of Wissembourg in 1793, the Sunda Strait campaign of January 1794, the Battle of Noirmoutier, the Battle of Tiburon, the Battle of Sans Culottes Camp, the Battle of Martinique, the Invasion of Corsica, the Siege of San Fiorenzo, the Battle of the Acul, the Battle of Saint-Raphaël, the Battle of La Cateau, the Battle of La Bombarde, the Battle of Racławice, the Siege of Bastia, the Invasion of Guadeloupe, the Battle of Tiburon, the Second Battle of Arlon, the Warsaw Uprising of 1794, the Siege of Landrecies, the Vilnius uprising, the Action of 23 April 1794, the Battle of Villers-en-Cauchies, the Second Battle of Saorgio, the Battle of Beaumont, the Battle of Mouscron, the Second Battle of Boulou, the Battle of Gonaïves, the Battle of Boulou, the Action of 5 May 1794, the Siege of Collioure, the Action of 7 May 1794, the Battle of Willems, the Second Battle of Courtrai, the Battle of Grand-Reng, the Battle of Tourcoing, the Second Battle of Tournay, the Second Battle of Kaiserslautern, the Battle of Erquelinnes, the Frigate action of 29 May 1794, the Battle of Port-Républicain, the Glorious First of June, the Siege of Ypres, the Battle of Aldudes, the Battle of Gosselies, the Battle of Challans, the Battle of Szczekociny, the Battle of Chełm, the Battle of Hooglede, the Battle of Lambusart, the Battle of Mykonos, the Siege of Calvi, the Battle of Fleurus, the Battle of Dondon, the Battle of La Tannerie, the Battle of Rajgród, the Battle of Błonie, the Battle of Trippstadt, the Siege of Warsaw, the Battle of the Baztan Valley, the Battle of Sant Llorenç de la Muga, the Battle of Fallen Timbers, the Greater Poland uprising, the Battle of Boxtel, the Battle of Sprimont, the Battle of Brest, the First Battle of Dego, the Second Battle of Aldenhoven, the Battle of Léogane, the Battle of Maciejowice, the Battle of Orbaizeta, the Battle of Puiflijk, the Action of 21 October 1794, the Battle of Île Ronde, the Siege of Nijmegen, the Siege of Maastricht, the Battle of Praga, the Action of 6 November 1794, the Battle of the Black Mountain, the Battle of San Lorenzo de la Muga, the Siege of Luxembourg, the Siege of Roses, the Battle of Trutier, the Battle of La Grève, the Croisière du Grand Hiver, the Battle of Tiburon, and the Nickajack Expedition in 1794, the Capture of the Dutch fleet at Den Helder, the Battle of the Gulf of Roses, the Fédon's rebellion, the Action of 8 March 1795, the Battle of Kharda, the Battle of Genoa, the Action of 10 April 1795, the Battle of Liffré, the Battle of Nuʻuanu, the Battle of Mirebalais, the Battle of Richmond Hill, the Battle of Muizenberg, the Battle of Pontós, the Battle of Bascara, the Cornwallis's Retreat, the Battle of Groix, the Battle of Quiberon, the Action of 24 June 1795, the Battle of the Hyères Islands, the Battle of Plouharnel, the Capture of Trincomalee, the Battle of Las Cahobas, the Battle of Saint-Jean-de-Mots, the Curaçao Slave Revolt of 1795, the Action of 22 August 1795, the Battle of Verrettes, the Battle of Petite-Rivière, the Battle of Krtsanisi, the Battle of the Diamond, the Battle of Handschuhsheim, the Battle of Saint-Cyr-en-Talmondais, the Battle of the Levant Convoy, the Battle of Höchst, the Battle of Dondon, the Action at Mannheim, the Battle of Mainz, the Battle of Pfeddersheim, and the Battle of Loano in 1795, the Capture of the Dutch fleet at Den Helder, the Battle of the Gulf of Roses, the Fédon's rebellion, the Action of 8 March 1795, the Battle of Kharda, the Battle of Genoa, the Action of 10 April 1795, the Battle of Liffré, the Battle of Nuʻuanu, the Battle of Mirebalais, the Battle of Richmond Hill, the Battle of Muizenberg, the Battle of Pontós, the Battle of Bascara, the Cornwallis's Retreat, the Battle of Groix, the Battle of Quiberon, the Action of 24 June 1795, the Battle of the Hyères Islands, the Battle of Plouharnel, the Capture of Trincomalee, the Battle of Las Cahobas, the Battle of Saint-Jean-de-Mots, the Curaçao Slave Revolt of 1795, the Action of 22 August 1795, the Battle of Verrettes, the Battle of Petite-Rivière, the Battle of Krtsanisi, the Battle of the Diamond, the Battle of Handschuhsheim, the Battle of Saint-Cyr-en-Talmondais, the Battle of the Levant Convoy, the Battle of Höchst, the Battle of Dondon, the Action at Mannheim, the Battle of Mainz, the Battle of Pfeddersheim, and the Battle of Loano in 1796, Battle of La Bruffière, the Battle of Locminé, the Battle of Voltri, the Battle of Montenotte, the Battle of Millesimo, the Battle of Dego, the Battle of Ceva 16 April, the Battle of Mondovì, the Battle of Fombio, the Persian expedition of 1796, the Battle of Lodi, the Action of 12 May 1796, the Siege of Derbent, the Battle of Borghetto, the Action of 31 May 1796, the Battle of Siegburg, the Battle of Altenkirchen, the Atlantic raid of June 1796, the Early clashes in the Rhine campaign of 1796, the Battle of Wetzlar, the Battle of Maudach, the Battle of Kircheib, the First Battle of Kehl, the Battle of Martinići, the Battle of Rastatt, the Battle of Ettlingen, the Battle of Lonato, the Battle of Castiglione, the Battle of Peschiera, the Battle of Les Irois, the Battle of Altendorf, the Battle of Neresheim, the Capitulation of Saldanha Bay, the Battle of Sulzbach, the Battle of Theiningen, the Battle of Amberg, the Battle of Friedberg, the Battle of Würzburg, the Battle of Rovereto, the Newfoundland expedition, the First Battle of Bassano, the Action of 9 September 1796, the Battle of Limburg, the Second Battle of Kehl, the Battle of Biberach, the Battle of Krusi, the Action of 13 October 1796, the Battle of Emmendingen, the Battle of Schliengen, the Battle of Lopate, the Second Battle of Bassano, the Battle of Calliano, the First Battle of Caldiero, the Battle of the Bridge of Arcole, the Action of 19 December 1796, and the French expedition to Ireland in 1797, the Raid on Manila, the Raid on Zamboanga, the French invasion of Switzerland, the Battle of Grauholz, the Battle of the Raz de Sein, the Battle of the Îles Saint-Marcouf, the Expedition to Ostend, the Battle of Prosperous, the Battle of Ballymore-Eustace, the Battle of Naas, the Battle of Kilcullen, the Battle of Carlow, the Battle of Tara Hill, the Battle of Oulart Hill, the Battle of Enniscorthy, the Gibbet Rath massacre, the Battle of Three Rocks, the Action of 30 May 1798, the Battle of Bunclody, the Battle of Tuberneering, the Battle of New Ross, the Battle of Antrim, the Battle of Arklow, the French invasion of Malta, the Battle of Foulksmills, the Battle of Vinegar Hill, the Action of 27 June 1798, the Action of 30 June 1798, the Battle of Ballyellis, the Capture of La Croyable, the Battle of Shubra Khit, the Action of 15 July 1798, the Battle of the Pyramids, the Battle of the Nile, the Action of 18 August 1798, the Battle of Castlebar, the Siege of Malta, the Battle of St. George's Caye, the Battle of Ballinamuck, the Battle of Killala, the Battle of Sedment, Battle of Tory Island, the Peasants' War, the Revolt of Cairo, the Battle of Nicopolis, the Action of 24 October 1798, the Battle of Herentals, the Battle of Pollare, the Siege of Corfu, the Battle of Bornem, the Battle of Meerhout, the Capture of Minorca, the Capture of USS Retaliation, the Battle of Mol, the Battle of Civita Castelana, the Battle of Hasselt, and the Action of 14 December 1798 in 1798, and the Action of 19 January 1799, the Battle of Samannud, the Macau Incident, the Action of 6 February 1799, the USS Constellation vs L'Insurgente, the Action of 9 February 1799, the Siege of El Arish, the Action of 28 February 1799, the Battle of Seedaseer, the Siege of Jaffa, the Siege of Acre, the Battle of Ostrach, the Battle of Feldkirch, the First Battle of Stockach, the Battle of Verona, the Battle of Mallavelly, the Italian and Swiss expedition, the Battle of Magnano, the Battle of Sultanpet Tope, the Battle of Mount Tabor, the Battle of Cassano, the Battle of Bassignana, the First Battle of Marengo, the Battle of Frauenfeld, the Battle of Winterthur, the First Battle of Zürich, the Battle of Modena, the Battle of the Trebbia, the Action of 18 June 1799, the Second Battle of Marengo, the Action of 7 July 1799, the Battle of Abukir, the Siege of Mantua, the Battle of Oberwald, the Battle of Schwyz, the Battle of Amsteg, the Battle of Novi, the Action of 16 October 1799, the Battle of Callantsoog, the Vlieter incident, the Battle of Krabbendam, the Battle of Mannheim, the Battle of Bergen, the Battle of the St. Gotthard, the Battle of the Devil's Bridge, the Battle of Linth, the Second Battle of Zurich, the Battle in the Muota Valley, the Battle of Alkmaar, the Battle of Castricum, the Battle of Nantes, the Second Battle of Novi, the Battle of Damietta, the Battle of Les Aubiers, the Battle of Genola, the Battle of Wiesloch, and the Battle of Port Louis in 1799.

19th-century battles[edit]

1800s[edit]

In the 1800s, Hepburn witnessed the Action of 1 January 1800, the Battle of the Tombettes, the USS Constellation vs La Vengeance, the Battle of the Malta Convoy, the Battle of Heliopolis, the Action of 31 March 1800, the Battle of Malpura, the Action of 7 April 1800, the Battle of Sassello, the Battle of Engen, the Battle of Stockach, the Battle of Biberach, the Battle of Puerto Plata Harbor, the Battle of Messkirch, the Battle of Erbach, the Combat of Turbigo, the Siege of Genoa, the Battle of Montebello, the Battle of Marengo, the Battle of Höchstädt, the Battle of Neuburg, the Raid on Dunkirk, the Invasion of Curaçao, the Action of 4 August 1800, the Ferrol Expedition, the USS Boston vs Berceau, the USS Enterprise vs Flambeau, the Battle of Ampfing, the Battle of Hohenlinden, the Action of 10 December 1800, and the Battle of Pozzolo in 1800, the Action of 19 February 1801, the Battle of Aboukir, the Battle of Mandora, the Battle of Alexandria, the Battle of Copenhagen, the Action of 6 May 1801, the Action of 24 June 1801, the Siege of Cairo, the First Battle of Algeciras, the Second Battle of Algeciras, the Action of 1 August 1801, the Raids on Boulogne, the Battle of Mahé, the Capitulation of Alexandria, and the Siege of Porto Ferrajo in 1801, the Battle of Ravine-à-Couleuvres, the Battle of Kellola, the Battle of Plaisance, the Battle of Crête-à-Pierrot, the First Battle of Tripoli Harbor, the First Battle of Sitka, and the Battle of Poona in 1802, the Blockade of Saint-Domingue, the Action of 22 June 1803, the Action of 28 June 1803, the Siege of Aligarh, the Battle of Delhi, the Battle of Assaye, the Siege of Port-au-Prince, the Battle of Laswari, the Battle of Vertières, the Battle of Argaon, and the Second Ottoman invasion of Mani in 1803, the Battle of Ganja, the Castle Hill convict rebellion, the Battle of Drlupa, the Battle of Suriname, the Battle of Tabkin Kwatto, the Battle of Echmiadzin, the Second Battle of Tripoli Harbor, the Battle of Vizagapatam, the Second Battle of Sitka, the Raid on Boulogne, the Action of 5 October 1804, the Siege of Delhi, the Battle of Farrukhabad, the Action of 25 November 1804, the Action of 7 December 1804, and the Battle of Tsuntua in 1804, the Second Anglo-Maratha War, the Siege of Bharatpur, the Battle of Derne, the Battle of Diamond Rock, the Action of 15 July 1805, the Battle of Blanc-Nez and Gris-Nez, the Battle of Cape Finisterre, the Action of 10 August 1805, the Battle of Ivankovac, the Ulm Campaign, the Battle of Donauwörth, the Battle of Wertingen, the Battle of Günzburg, the Battle of Haslach-Jungingen, the Battle of Memmingen, the Battle of Elchingen, the Battle of Nerenstetten, the Battle of Ulm, the Battle of Verona, the Battle of Trafalgar, the Battle of Caldiero, the Battle of Mehrnbach, the Battle of Lambach, the Battle of Cape Ortegal, the Battle of Steyr, the Battle of Amstetten, the Battle of Mariazell, the Battle of Dürenstein, the Battle of Schöngrabern the Battle of Castelfranco Veneto, the Battle of Wischau, the Battle of Austerlitz, and the Siege of Santo Domingo in 1805, the Battle of Blaauwberg, the Battle of San Domingo, the Battle of Campo Tenese, the Action of 13 March 1806, the Battle of Maida, the Siege of Gaeta, the Action of 26 July 1806, the Massacre of Lauria, the Battle of Mišar, the Action of 23 August 1806, the Battle of Herceg Novi, the Siege of Ragusa, the Battle of Schleiz, the Battle of Saalfeld, the Battles of Jena and Auerstedt, the Battle of Halle, the Action of 18 October 1806, the Battle of Prenzlau, the Battle of Waren-Nossentin, the Battle of Lübeck, the Raid on Batavia, the Battle of Czarnowo, the Battle of Pułtusk, the Battle of Golymin, the Battle of Deligrad, and the Edirne incident in 1806, the Battle of Cardal, the Battle of Mohrungen, the Battle of Allenstein, the Battle of Montevideo, the Battle of Eylau, the Battle of Ostrołęka, the Dardanelles Operation, the Great Sortie of Stralsund, the Battle of the Dardanelles, the Siege of Danzig, the Battle of Mileto, the Action of 2 June 1807, the Battle of Guttstadt-Deppen, the Battle of Heilsberg, the Battle of Friedland, the Battle of Arpachai, the Battle of Athos, the Siege of Kolberg, the Battle of Miserere, the Battle of the Retiro, the Siege of Stralsund, the Battle of Køge, the Second Battle of Copenhagen, the Alexandria expedition of 1807, the Siege of Graudenz, the Raid on Griessie, the Battle of Hingakaka, and the Third Ottoman invasion of Mani in 1807, the Battle of Zealand Point the Action of 4 April 1808, the Battle of Pyhäjoki, the Battle of Lier, the Battle of Siikajoki, the Battle of Toverud, the Battle of Rødenes, the Battle of Trangen, the Battle of Revolax, the Battle of Furuholm, the Battle of Pulkkila, the Battle of Kumlinge, the Battle of Kuopio, the Battle of Alvøen, the Battle of Mobekk, the Battle of Valdepeñas, the Battle of Alcolea Bridge, the Battle of Saltholm, the Battle of Prestebakke, the Battle of Cabezón, the Battle of El Bruc, the Capture of the Rosily Squadron, the Battle of Lemo, the Battle of Girona, the Battle of Nykarleby, the Battle of Vaasa, the Battle of Valencia, the Battle of Rimito Kramp, the Battle of Lintulaks, the Battle of Kokonsaari, the Battle of Lapua, the Battle of Medina de Rioseco, the Battle of Bailén, the Battle of Évora, the Battle of Sandöström, the Battle of Pälkjärvi, the Battle of Kauhajoki, the First Siege of Zaragoza, the Siege of Girona, the Battle of Alavus, the Battle of Roliça, the Battle of Vimeiro, the Battle of Karstula, the Battle of Nummijärvi, the Battle of Lappfjärd, the Battle of Grönvikssund, the Battle of Ruona-Salmi, the Battle of Berby, the Battle of Jutas, the Battle of Oravais, the Battle of Lokalaks, the Battle of Palva Sund, the Helsinki village landing, the Battle of Koljonvirta, the Battle of Zornoza, the Battle of Valmaseda, the Battle of Burgos, the Battle of Espinosa de los Monteros, the Battle of Tudela, the Battle of Somosierra, the Battle of Cardedeu, the Battle of Molins de Rei, the Battle of Sahagún, the Battle of Benavente, and the Battle of Mansilla in 1808, and the Battle of Castellón, the Battle of Uclés, the Battle of Quilon, the Battle of Corunna, the Siege of Zaragoza, the Battle of Les Sables-d'Olonne, the Battle of Valls, the Battle of Villafranca, the Battle of Braga, the Battle of Miajadas, the Battle of Los Yébenes, the Battle of Ciudad Real, the First Battle of Porto, the Battle of Medellín, the Battle of Porto, the Battle of Sacile, the Battle of the Basque Roads, the Battle of Teugen-Hausen, the Battle of Raszyn, the Battle of Abensberg, the Battle of Landshut, the Battle of Eckmühl, the Battle of Ratisbon, the Battle of Neumarkt-Sankt Veit, the Battle of Radzymin, the Battle of Grochów, the Battle of Caldiero, the Battle of Kock, the Battle of Ostrówek, the Battle of Ebelsberg, the Battle of Piave River, the Battle of Grijó, the Second Battle of Porto, the Battle of Wörgl, the Battle of Alcantara, the Battle of Skellefteå, the Battle of Linz-Urfahr, the Battle of Tarvis, the Battle of Aspern-Essling, the Battle of Alcañiz, the Battle of Sankt Michael, the Battle of Stralsund, the Battle of Puente Sanpayo, the Battle of Suvodol, the Battle of Jedlińsk, the Battle of Raab, the Battle of María, the Battle of Belchite, the Battle of Graz, the Battle of Nimla, the Battle of Hörnefors, the Battle of Wagram, the Battle of Gefrees, the Battle of Hollabrunn, the Battle of Znaim, the Battle of Hjerpe Skans, the Battle of Talavera, the Battle of Halberstadt, the Battle of Ölper, the Battle of Arzobispo, the Battle of Almonacid, the Battle of Puerto de Baños, the Battle of Ratan and Sävar, the Battle of Piteå, the Battle of Tamames, the Battles of Bergisel, the Battle of Ocaña, the Battle of Carpio, the Battle of Alba de Tormes, the Siege of Girona, and the Walcheren Campaign in 1809.

1810s[edit]

In the 1810s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Mollet, the Siege of Cádiz, the Battle of Vic, the Battle of Manresa, the Siege of Hostalric, the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo, the Battle of Silda, the Battle of Batin, the Battle of Grand Port, the Action of 13 September 1810, the Battle of La Bisbal, the Action of 18 September 1810, the Battle of Buçaco, the Battle of Sobral, the Battle of Fuengirola, the Battle of Saguntum, the Battle of Cotagaita, the Battle of Monte de las Cruces, the Battle of Baza, the Battle of Suipacha, the Battle of Campichuelo, and the Battle of El Veladero in 1810, the Battle of El Pla, the Battle of Calderón Bridge, the Battle of Paraguarí, the Battle of the Gebora, the Battle of Barrosa, the Battle of Tacuarí, the Battle of Pombal, the Battle of Redinha, the Battle of Lissa, the Battle of Foz de Arouce, the Battle of Campo Maior, the Battle of Anholt, the Battle of Khakeekera, the Battle of Puerto de Piñones, the Battle of Sabugal, the Battle of Zacatecas, the Battle of El Maguey, the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro, the Siege of Tarragona, the Battle of Albuera, the Battle of Tamatave, the Battle of Arlabán, the Battle of Usagre, the Siege of Badajoz, the Battle of Huaqui, the Battle of Cogorderos, the Battle of Llanos de Santa Juana, the Battle of Montserrat, the Battle of Zújar, the Siege of Figueras, the Battle of El Bodón, the Battle of Cervera, the Battle of Saguntum, the Battle of Arroyo dos Molinos, the Battle of Bornos, the Battle of Tippecanoe, the Action of 29 November 1811, the Battle of Yanbu, and the Siege of Tarifa in 1811, the Battle of Altafulla, the Battle of Al-Safra, the Battle of Sultanabad, the Battle of Pirano, the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo, the Battle of Izúcar, the Battle of Badajoz, the Battle of Arlabán, the Battle of Villagarcia, the Battle of Almaraz, the Battle of Bornos, the Battle of Maguilla, the Battle of Zitlala, the Battle of Mir, the Battle of Lyngør, the Battle of Ekau, the First Battle of Sacket's Harbor, the Battle of Castalla, the Battle of Salamanca, the Battle of García Hernández, the Battle of Saltanovka, the Battle of Ostrovno, the Battle of Vitebsk, the Battle of Kobrin, the Battle of Klyastitsy, the Battle of Inkovo, the Battle of Maguaga, the Battle of Majadahonda, the Battle of Swolna, the Battle of Gorodechno, the First Battle of Krasnoi, the Battle of Fort Dearborn, the Siege of Detroit, the Battle of Smolensk, the First Battle of Polotsk, the Siege of Astorga, the Battle of Valutino, the Battle of Dahlenkirchen, the Siege of Fort Harrison, the Battle of Shevardino, the Battle of Borodino, the Battle of Zvenigorod, the Siege of Fort Wayne, the Battle of Burgos, the Battle of Tucumán, the Battle of Mesoten, the Battle of Queenston Heights, the Battle of Tarutino, the Second Battle of Polotsk, the Battle of Maloyaroslavets, the USS United States vs HMS Macedonian, the Battle of Tordesillas, the Battle of Czasniki, the Battle of Aslanduz, the Battle of Vyazma, the Battle of Liaskowa, the Battle of Nowo Schwerschen, the Battle of Smoliani, the Battle of Wolkowisk, the Battle of Kaidanowo, the Battle of Krasnoi, the First Battle of Lacolle Mills, the Battle of Borisov, the Battle of Loschniza, the Battle of Berezina, the Battle of Medina, the Battle of Pleshchenitsy, the Siege of Riga, the Battle of the Mississinewa, and the Battle of Cerrito in 1812, the Battle of Jeddah, the Battle of Frenchtown, the Battle of Mecca, the Battle of Salta, the Battle of Ogdensburg, the Battle of San Lorenzo, the Battle of Rosillo Creek, the Battle of Lüneburg, the Battle of Möckern, the Battle of Castalla, the Battle of Mobile, the Battle of York, the Battle of Yerbas Buenas, the Battle of Lützen, the Battle of Gersdorf, the Siege of Fort Meigs, the Battle of San Carlos, the Battle of Bautzen, the Battle of Reichenbach, the Battle of Haynau, the Battle of Fort George, the Battle of Hoyerswerda, the Battle of La Chincúa, the Second Battle of Sacket's Harbor, the Battle of Boston Harbor, the Siege of Tarragona, the Battle of Luckau, the Battle of Stoney Creek, the Battle of San Millan-Osma, the Battle of Pequereque, the Battle of Alazan Creek, the Battle of Vitoria, the Battle of Craney Island, the Battle of Tolosa, the Battle of Maya, the Battle of Roncesvalles, the Battle of Burnt Corn, the Battle of the Pyrenees, the Battle of Sorauren, the Battle of Fort Stephenson, the Battle of St. Michaels, the Battle of Goldberg, the Battle of Großbeeren, the Battle of Katzbach, the Battle of Hagelberg, the Battle of Dresden, the Battle of Kulm, the Battle of San Marcial, the Battle of Dennewitz, the Battle of Feistritz, the Battle of Lippa, the Battle of San Sebastian, the Battle of Lake Erie, the Battle of Ordal, the Second Battle of Kulm, the Battle of the Göhrde, the Battle of Altenburg, the Battle of Roßlau, the Battle of Vilcapugio, the Battle of Wartenburg, the Battle of the Thames, the Battle of the Bidassoa, the Battle of El Roble, the Battle of Leipzig, the Battle of the Chateauguay, the Battle of Hanau, the Siege of Pamplona, the Battle of Tallushatchee, the Battle of Talladega, the Battle of Nivelle, the Battle of Crysler's Farm, the Battle of Ayohuma, the Battle of Caldiero, the Battle of Autossee, the Battle of Arnhem, the Battle of Araure, the Battle of Bornhöved, the Battle of Sehested, the Battle of the Nive, the Battle of Lomas de Santa María, the Siege of Danzig, and the Siege of Cattaro in 1813, the Battle of Puruarán, the Siege of Torgau, the Battle of Hoogstraten, the Battles of Emuckfaw and Enotachopo Creek, the First Battle of Bar-sur-Aube, the Battle of Calebee Creek, the Battle of Brienne, the Battle of La Rothière, the Battle of Lesmont, the Battle of the Mincio River, the Battle of Champaubert, the Battle of Montmirail, the Battle of Château-Thierry, the Battle of Vauchamps, the Battle of Garris, the Battle of Mormant, the Battle of Montereau, the Battle of Bar-sur-Aube, the Battle of Orthez, the Battle of Gué-à-Tresmes, the Battle of Cúcuta, the Battle of Saint-Julien, the Battle of Laubressel, the Battle of Longwoods, the Battle of Craonne, the Battle of Laon, the Battle of Mâcon, the Battle of Reims, the Battle of El Quilo, the Battle of Limonest, the Battle of Membrillar, the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube, the Battle of Fère-Champenoise, the Battle of Saint-Dizier, the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, the Battle of Claye, the Battle of Montmartre, the Second Battle of Lacolle Mills, the Battle of Courtrai, the Battle of Toulouse, the Siege of Metz, the Battle of Bayonne, the Siege of Antwerp, the Siege of Besançon, the Siege of Mainz, the Siege of Hamburg, the Siege of Naarden, the Siege of Delfzijl, the Battle of Alto de los Godos, the Battle of Big Sandy Creek, the Battle of Niquitao, the Battle of Chippawa, the Battle of Los Horcones, the Battle of Lundy's Lane, the Battle of Taguanes, the Battle of Lier, the Battle of Mackinac Island, the Battle of Matrand, the Battle of Rakkestad, the Battle of Langnes, the Battle of Kjølberg Bridge, the Battle of Bladensburg, the Battle of Lake Champlain, the Battle of North Point, the Battle of Fort McHenry, the Battle of Cook's Mills, the Siege of Fort Erie, the Battle of Pensacola, and the Battle of Urica in 1814, the Battle of New Orleans, the Battle of Fort Bowyer, the Battle of the Panaro, the Battle of Occhiobello, the Battle of Carpi, the Battle of Casaglia, the Battle of Ronco, the Battle of Cesenatico, the Siege of Ajaccio, the Battle of Pesaro, the Battle of Scapezzano, the Battle of Tolentino, the Battle of Ljubić, the Battle of Castel di Sangro, the Battle of San Germano, the Battle of Échaubrognes, the Battle of L'Aiguillon, the Battle of Aizenay, the Battle of the Sink Hole, the Battle of Sainte-Anne-d'Auray, the Battle of Cossé, the Battle of Saint-Gilles-sur-Vie, the Battle of Redon, the Battle of Mathes, the Battle of Muzillac, the Battle of Quatre Bras, the Battle of Ligny, the Battle of Waterloo, the Battle of Wavre, the Battle of Rocheserviere, the Battle of Thouars, the Battle of Auray, the Battle of La Suffel, the Battle of Châteauneuf-du-Faou, the Battle of Rocquencourt, the Battle of Issy, the Battle of Guérande, the Siege of Gaeta, the Invasion of Guadeloupe, and the Battle of Temalaca in 1815, the Battle of Seven Oaks, the Bombardment of Algiers, the Battle of Yavi, and the Battle of Pablo Perez in 1816, the Battle of Chacabuco, the Battle of Curapalihue, the Battle of la Tablada de Tolomosa, the Battle of Khadki, the Battle of Mahidpur, the Nejd Expedition, and the Battle of Makassar in 1817, the Battle of Koregaon, theSecond Battle of Cancha Rayada, the Battle of Maipú, the Battle of Kafir Qala, the Battle of Diriyah, the Siege of Diriyah, and the Nejd Expedition in 1818, the Battle of Las Queseras del Medio, the Battle of Grahamstown, the Battle of Vargas Swamp, the Battle of Boyacá, the Battle of Agua Zarca, and the Battle of Píleo in 1819.

1820s[edit]

In the 1820s, Hepburn witnessed the Battle of Valdivia, the Battle of Agüi, the Battle of El Toro, and the Battle of Tarpellanca in 1820, the Battle of Rieti, the Battle of Novara, the Battle of Alamana, the Battle of Gravia Inn, the Battle of Doliana, the Battle of Valtetsi, the Battle of Dragashani, the Battle of Carabobo, the Battle of Sculeni, the Battle of Menangkabaoe, the Battle of Azcapotzalco, and the Battle of Rincon de Marlopa in 1821, the Battle of Pichincha, the Battle at Dervenakia, and the Battle of Karpenizi in 1822, the Battle of Nowshera, the Demerara rebellion, the Battle of Zepita, and the Battle of Trocadero in 1823, the Battle of Nsamankow, the Battle of Mocopulli, the Battle of Ramu, the Battle of Junín, and the Battle of Ayacucho in 1824, the Battle of Danubyu, the Siege of Yogyakarta, and the Battle of Prome in 1825, the Battle of Ganja in 1826, the Battle of Berbera, the Battle of Ituzaingó, the Battle of Monte Santiago, the Battle of Phaleron, the Battle of Navarino, and the Battle of Kossober in 1827, the Battle of Mariel, the Battle of Akhaltsikhe, and the Battle of Praia Bay in 1828, and the Battle of San Roque, the Battle of Márquez Bridge, the Battle of Kulevicha, and the Battle of Tampico in 1829.

20th-century battles[edit]

21st-century battles[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]