From Encyc

Argentina is a country in South America. It's the largest country by territorial extension that has Spanish as official language.

Its capital is Buenos Aires.

It was originally inhabited by native Americans, especially Aymara, Quechua, Guarani, Mapuche, and Fuegians.

The colonial territory was incorporated in the viceroyalty of Rio de La Plata.

Argentina took territory from Paraguay, and claims the Falkland Islands. It fought a war against the United Kingdom about these islands in 1982. Its defeat in that war led to the collapse of the then military regime and the restoration of civilian rule.

Following World War II, many Nazis fled to Argentina, the most famous being Adolf Eichmann and Josef Mengele.