Nicholas II was the last czar of Russia. He insisted on ruling as an absolute monarch, dissolving the Duma, or parliament at least twice. In the end he and his family were arrested by Bolsheviks, and then later murdered in cold blood in the Siberian city of Ekaterinburg.
He was related to Kaiser Wilhelm through Queen Victoria. He had a son who was a hemophiliac. He had a daughter named Anastasia.
In the leadup to World War I he exchanged telegrams with his cousin Wilhem but they were unable to avert the war.