Mediterranean Sea

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The Mediterranean Sea is a body of salt water that is almost completely enclosed by land. Its name ("in the middle of land") reflects this.

To the north is Europe, to the east is Asia and to the south is Africa. The only outlets to other bodies of water are the Strait of Gibraltar at the western end, to the Atlantic Ocean, and the Dardanelles which lead ultimately to the Black Sea.

Parts of the Mediterranean have their own names, such as the Adriatic Sea and the Aegean Sea.

Countries that border onto the Mediterranean include:

Europe: Spain, France, Italy, Greece

Asia: Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel

Africa: Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco